Indonesia: health insurance for all
Located in South-East Asia, Indonesia is one of the most populous countries in the world with about 260 million inhabitants. One in ten Indonesians lives below the poverty line.
The Indonesian Government would therefore like to foster sustainable economic growth and societal cohesion. This includes insuring all citizens against livelihood-threatening risks – such as disease. For this reason, the government introduced the world’s largest contribution-based health insurance system in 2014 with the assistance of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. Today, about 175 million people or two thirds of the Indonesian population have health insurance. About 90 million of them are poor or near-poor. They receive free insurance coverage financed by the Indonesian Government. Employees pay a share of their own insurance coverage. The rest is assumed by their employers.
On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), GIZ is also advising the Indonesian Government on further expanding health care in rural areas. This is necessary to be able to provide medical care to the rural population when needed.
GIZ and its partners provide support for health care sector reforms that extend far beyond Indonesia. Worldwide, more than 300 million people have benefited from better health care in the 2010-2015 period alone.