Real climate protection – Mexico shows how it's done
Mexico is one of the first emerging countries to formulate specific climate protection targets. The country plans to cut its carbon emissions to half the year 2000 level by 2050. Among other goals, Mexico intends to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by introducing what are known as 'nationally appropriate mitigation measures'.
From the plan to the pilot project
A binding framework is not yet in place. Creating it is one of the goals of the Mexican-German Climate Alliance. Through to the end of 2015, Germany’s Federal Environment Ministry (BMUB) has commissioned GIZ and its Mexican partners to prepare measures to protect the climate, to explore financing possibilities, to develop methods for measuring emission reductions and to initiate pilot projects in the three areas of housing construction and renovation, small and medium-sized business and cargo transport. All of these sectors have high a potential for carbon reduction. The transport sector alone accounts for more than 30 percent of carbon emissions in Mexico. This share will increase significantly in the years ahead unless countermeasures are introduced.
Its growing population and the rising demand for better living standards means that Mexico is faced with the need to produce more new homes. This is an area where something good can be done for the climate on a broad scale. Every year, up to half a million new social housing units are to be built according to ecological standards. GIZ is advising the Mexican Government on climate efficiency in housing construction and is developing climate protection measures for the social housing sector together with its project partner, the Mexican Housing Commission.
The first energy-efficient homes have already been erected. Funds for this were provided by BMUB and a German-British initiative. This joint initiative by Germany’s BMUB and the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change is being coordinated by GIZ and KfW. It supports national climate protection activities in developing and emerging countries.
Thanks to its pilot projects, the Mexican Climate Action Programme is one of the most advanced in the world. The 'turn-key' pilot projects play an important role in terms of ensuring the measures’ success. They provide reliable information on carbon reductions, they prove that climate protection measures work in practice and they improve quality of life, save costs and increase competitiveness.
A further important component of the Mexican-German programme is the creation of a coordination unit. After all, anyone can initiate a national climate protection project – government agencies, non-governmental organisations and the private sector. In order for the various projects to cooperate however, there must be a place where all the threads come together.