Good Governance Cluster – Capacity Development for Governance Reforms in Yemen
Title: Good Governance Cluster - Supporting accountability and inclusiveness in Yemen
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Overall term: 2016 to 2020
Yemen is one of the least developed of the Arab countries. The country suffers from shortages of basic goods as well as electricity and fuel and is facing a humanitarian catastrophe. Institutions are inefficient, responsibilities remain unclear and administrative strategies and plans are no longer relevant. The population suffers from the consequences of maladministration and corruption. Even before 2011, basic principles of governance, such as the separation of powers, were not in place. Rapid population growth and lack of resources are exacerbating the insecure economic and social situation. This inhibits economic progress and encourages the misuse of resources that are necessary for the creation of a stable state.
Public confidence in formal state mechanisms and institutions has been increased, thus laying the foundation for peaceful and sustainable development. Accountability and inclusiveness between actors at the interface between state and society have improved through promoting cooperation amongst them.
The project’s strategic approach is a demand-led support facility for governmental and non-governmental organisations, supporting projects in accountability and inclusiveness. The aim is to strengthen the capacities of partner organisations and to improve relations between them (both government-to-government and government-to-non-government), as well as addressing a wider group of beneficiaries through outputs of individual projects. GGC chooses projects based on a set of pre-defined selection criteria such as relevance, sustainability and replicability, and is focussing on bringing direct benefits to the Yemeni population.
State and civil society organisations propose reform projects, preferably jointly. The Cluster provides support and advice on the design and implementation of these projects. Responsibility for individual projects remains with the respective partners, as far as possible. It encompasses capacity development and training. We promote good relations between members of state and civil society organisations, which helps them to form networks and thus reduce potential for conflict between state and civil society.
In a train-the-trainer approach, 110 lecturers (38 of them women) from NIAS National Institute for Administration Sciences received six training sessions on Good Governance topics which enabled them to further deliver this knowledge to students. The text book "Introduction to Good Governance” was updated and six training manuals were developed.
97 women from Ibb and Hodeidah governorates working in the public sector participated in a project that helped them to further strengthen their leadership and management skills. The project was implemented jointly with the Political Development Forum (PDF) and Ministry of Local Administration (MoLA).
In cooperation with the Yemeni Observatory for Human Rights (YOHR), an Anti-Corruption Working Group (ACWG) was established comprising both governmental and non-governmental partners – a first. The group developed mechanisms to enhance transparency and accountability in humanitarian aid. These mechanisms were presented to local and international NGOs and national experts, passed on in trainings to 90 humanitarian workers and were captured in a best practice manual for use by other organisations.