Solar cooling for industry and commerce
Title: Solar cooling for industry and commerce
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Construction and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Environment; Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources
Overall term: 2012 to 2016
In Jordan the demand for air conditioning is increasing rapidly, and is responsible for eight per cent of the country's growth in energy demand. Air conditioning in commercial buildings causes the emission of about 600,000 tonnes of CO2eq per year. The forms of air conditioning currently available in Jordan and the Middle East include chillers that have low efficiency, use cryogens (especially the gas R22) that affect the ozone layer or contribute to climate change, and which have high leakage rates (up to 35% a year).
At the same time, however, with its high average solar radiation of 5 – 7 kWh/m2 (10% higher than the MENA average), Jordan is one of the best placed countries worldwide to exploit concentrated solar power and to combine this with air-conditioning systems.
The basis has been established for making air conditioning in Jordan and the region sustainable. Direct and indirect GHG emissions and the release of fluorinated greenhouse gases have been reduced due to the installation and operation of solar cooling systems with natural refrigerants.
The project is divided into the following four areas of activity:
- Transfer of technology and demonstration project – highly efficient solar cooling technology will be installed and operated efficiently in a pilot project. The project will develop local capacities, such as technology providers, for installing and maintaining solar cooling facilities. It will also build strong partnerships with technology providers, local companies, research institutes and the public sector.
- Sector approach – a replicable case study will be implemented and the project will submit recommendations for an improved sector strategy and regulations.
- Replication in Jordan and in the region – the project will prepare a specific strategy and action plan for the replication of further plants.
Monitoring – the project will put in place a monitoring system and strategy, and will collect reliable monitoring data to use for awareness raising and the dissemination of the new technology.
After the pilot project has been successfully implemented, it should become possible to apply the technology to meet all large commercial air conditioning needs in Jordan, assuming local conditions allow. The process of replication is expected to be financially sustainable due to the improvements in energy efficiency and operating expenses it will bring.