Poverty Reduction and Crisis Prevention through the Promotion of Good Governance
Title: Poverty Reduction and Crisis Prevention through the Promotion of Good Governance
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Local Government (MINALOC); Ministry of Justice (MINIJUST); National Public Prosecution Authority (NPPA)
Overall term: 2007 to 2014
Since the genocide of 1994, Rwanda has been in a political transition phase. Although this phase is considered to have concluded late in 2003 with passage of a constitutional reform and with presidential and parliamentary elections, democracy and the rule of law are not yet firmly established: the population do not yet avail themselves to the intended extent of the rights embodied in the reformed constitution. People are only involved to a negligible extent in the decision-making processes and still lack confidence in a functioning judicial system.
For further stabilisation and to overcome the causes of the past conflict in the long term, the population must play an increasing role in the processes of political consensus-building and contribute to shaping and implementing common interests—especially young people and women.
An increasing share of the population in Rwanda exercise their civil rights. More people take part in political consensus-building processes, contribute to shaping common interests and make use of their right to free expression of opinion.
The programme works in three areas:
- promotion of judicial reform
- youth policy (young people are to become the driving force behind a community-minded, conflict-preventive, democratic form of development)
- formulation and implementation of pluralistic political education and peace education.
In order to achieve a comprehensive effect, GIZ supports partners at all levels of government, from national ministries down to municipal institutions.
Individual activities include advising and supporting the public prosecutor’s office, which must render an active contribution to signalling to the population that they can claim and exercise their rights. Civil society organisations and structures must also be supported for the rule of law to function increasingly. Measures for promotion of youth and political education take place predominantly at regional and local level.
Results achieved so far
Thanks to the GIZ programme, many departments of the Rwandan public prosecutor’s office can now perform their duties, and certainly far more effectively than in the past. Thus the EDP department was enabled to carry out the Gacaca procedures (the traditional institution of the Rwandan village court) to clarify the events of the genocide of 1994 and to reach a reconciliation between the ethnic groups of the Tutsi and Hutu, as well as to support the unit for combating sexual crimes.
In the youth sector, an international network is emerging and there are peace camps in the countries bordering the great East African lakes.
Visits by youth groups to the Murambi genocide prevention centre and seminars on Rwandan history form an important building block for political education.