Trilateral Cooperation with Indonesia (TriCo)

Project description

Title: Trilateral Cooperation with Indonesia (TriCo)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Timor-Leste
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (MFA)
Overall term: 2008 to 2014

Timor-Leste. Students working in the lab. © GIZ


The Timorese and Indonesian Ministries of Foreign Affairs, acting in conjunction with the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), have announced their interest in promoting regional solidarity by means of a trilateral cooperation arrangement. Bearing in mind the painful experience of the Indonesian occupation, the aim of the project is to promote good neighbourly relations between Timor-Leste and Indonesia.


Indonesia, Timor-Leste and Germany are cooperating efficiently and effectively in the field of promoting democracy, human rights, good governance and environmental protection.


The project’s funds are being used to

  • promote cooperation arrangements on selected development measures that all sides have agreed on;
  • support projects and programmes within the scope of the resources and abilities of each respective party;
  • promote mutual reinforcement of the bilateral cooperation programmes in Indonesia and Timor-Leste.

All three parties are working together to jointly select appropriate measures and determine the manner in which they are to be implemented.

Project proposals are submitted via a working group consisting of representatives from the relevant government agencies. The members of the working groups decide on whether to approve the proposals in ad-hoc meetings. Two key aspects that the proposals need to demonstrate are a precise timeframe and an appropriate structure with regard to financing, staff and resources. The projects for Timor-Leste are being implemented by GIZ.

Timor-Leste. Building at Udayana University, project cooperation partner. © GIZ

Results achieved so far

Extensive cooperation agreements have been entered into with five state universities in Indonesia. A total of 52 scholarships have been awarded for officials employed by the Timorese Ministries of Justice, of Agriculture and Fisheries, of Education, of Tourism, Commerce and Industry and of Economics.

Forty-four scholarship students have now successfully graduated with a diploma or a bachelor or master’s degree and are occupying positions of responsibility within their ministries.