REDD+ National Forest Inventory in Mongolia
Title: REDD+ National Forest Inventory in Mongolia
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET)
Overall term: 2014 to 2016
Since 2012 Mongolia has been working to achieve sustainable development while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to climate change. In its Green Development Policy, the Mongolian Government develops specific climate protection measures, leading to improved forest management systems. This will have a positive effect on the carbon enhancement and carbon sink functions of forests.
Mongolia is a partner country of the United Nations collaborative initiative on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD).
One of the essential prerequisites is a national forest monitoring system with which to collect basic data for the conservation and sustainable management of forest resources. This data will also underpin each country’s forest-related climate change reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
A shortage of resources and a lack of clarity regarding the allocation of responsibilities between the Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET) and the Ministry of Mining and Heavy Industry hinders an efficient implementation of sustainable forest management and conservation measures.
There is also insufficient basic data available to support the conservation and management approaches, or for the required reporting for the REDD+ mechanism.
Mongolia’s Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET) uses technical and policy-based models for sustainable, low-carbon forest management adapted to climate change, while fulfilling the relevant reporting requirements.
The GIZ project focuses on several areas of activity, working at different levels and with numerous stakeholders.
International Climate Policy: The project provides advice on Mongolia’s forest-related climate change reporting.
National Forest Policy: At the national level, a National Forest Inventory (NFI) provides reliable information on forest developments under the impact of a changing climate. This helps to establish long-term silvicultural and adaptation strategies.
Local Forest Administration and Enterprises: Based on the results of the National Forest Inventory (NFI), the project contributes to the development of silvicultural guidelines and the improvement of forest planning procedures. These will be used as basis for decision-making and as instruments for managing and monitoring forest enterprises and concessions.
All different stakeholders are coordinated by a project technical committee, which includes the implementing institution the Forest Research and Development Centre and is headed by the Institute of Geography and Geo-ecology.
The National Forest Inventory will be REDD+ compatible and will be maintained on a permanent basis. Analysis and results of the inventory are to be summarised in a National Forest Resource report.
The inventory results form the basis for the Ministry of Environment in order to elaborate technical and political models for implementation of sustainable forest management in the context of REDD+.
The project is working to develop a concept and guidelines on silviculture and for the planning of forest concessions. The new forestry and planning procedures derived from the National Forest Inventory will also be fed into forestry education activities. The National Forest Inventory will be promoted as a key requirement for the transition from demand-driven forest use to longer-term, production-oriented, and climate-friendly forest management.