Adapting agricultural value chains to climate change in Shan State, Myanmar
Title: Adapting agricultural value chains to climate change in Shan State, Myanmar
Commissioning party: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development
Overall term: 2015 to 2017
The impact of climate change – in particular flooding and the increasing scarcity of water – is already posing major challenges to Myanmar’s agricultural development. In future, it is predicted that extreme weather events will become more common, and as the country’s agricultural development plan does not address climate impacts, it is expected that losses and damage will increase. The agricultural sector must adapt to climate change if rural areas are to remain viable.
Shan State, where nearly 40 per cent of the rural population lives in poverty, is especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Droughts, landslides and floods threaten people’s livelihoods, which are based on only a few agricultural value chains including tea, fruit, vegetables and rice.
Both private enterprise and state actors have little knowledge of technologies that are adapted to the changing climate. In order to adjust to the effects of climate change, they will need to take a more systematic approach to risk management in their business and planning processes. They also have insufficient knowledge to undertake suitable measures to minimise climate-related risks. Agricultural producers have only extremely limited access to meteorological information that meets their needs. They require this information to make well-informed business decisions that take climate risks into account. Climate-related risks therefore threaten the existence of many businesses along agricultural value chains.
Businesses along selected agricultural value chains are better able to cope with climate change-related risks.
The project cooperates with chambers of commerce and industry in Shan State, international initiatives organised by the World Bank and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), regional universities and research facilities in order to create a solid foundation of knowledge on adaptation in the selected value chains. Local and regional partners disseminate the approach and promote successful examples of climate-appropriate value chains in the target group. The project helps them to enhance their consulting competence in the field of climate change adaptation. It advises administrations, and planning and agricultural authorities in communities and districts, and coordinates planning activities with the authority for regional planning.
The project promotes regional and national meteorological services and cooperates with stakeholders in the private sector, including the Taunggyi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, and the tea and mango producers’ associations. The target group comprises around 1,500 smallholdings and both upstream and downstream enterprises along the value chains for tea, mangoes and vegetables in 12 communities and autonomous regions in Shan State. They receive support from private-sector organisations and state bodies in implementing adaptation measures.
The project concentrates on three fields of activity:
- Planning and implementing adaptation measures along the selected value chains;
- Giving producers better access to high-quality meteorological and climatic data that has a bearing on decision-making processes;
- Taking climate risks into consideration in planning processes at community and district level.