Natural disaster prevention in the province of Badakhshan
Title: Badakhshan Natural Disaster Prevention (BNDP)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Finance
Overall term: 2014 to 2015
Afghanistan has been marked by more than 30 years of civil war and violent conflict, a fact which affects living conditions for the population. More than a third of Afghans live in extreme poverty, and over 30 per cent suffer from food insecurity. Viable development in northern Afghanistan is impeded, in particular, by the fact that sub-national public administration and government institutions at district and province level are not strong enough to exercise their responsibilities effectively.
Extreme natural events, the occurrence of which has increased in recent years, especially in the country’s northern provinces, present the authorities and the population with additional challenges. Despite their initial progress, the institutions responsible for disaster preparedness at province, district and local levels are overburdened by the situation, and are therefore unable to respond quickly and professionally in the event of a natural disaster.
In selected districts of the rural province of Badakhshan, communities at risk from natural disasters have reduced their vulnerability.
To enhance the preparedness of authorities at provincial, district and local levels, the project staff are working with the office of the provincial governor, as well as the provincial branches of the Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA) and the Department of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (DRRD), in carrying out risk analyses for threatened communities. These analyses build on existing risk maps showing threats such as avalanches, floods and earthquakes. Experts on the ground are working with their partners to assess the physical threats caused by natural events as well as social vulnerability. Their findings will be used to supplement the risk maps. They will also be fed into the work of the project and its partners in rehabilitating and consolidating threatened basic social infrastructure and productive infrastructure. Furthermore, the project provides advice to the relevant government authorities, and is initiating exchanges between the responsible bodies, of their practical experiences in the field of natural disaster prevention.
Results achieved so far
Employees of the provincial institutions have benefited from training in disaster prevention measures from international and national experts. These courses drew on the risk maps developed by the project, which were also used for the selection of four districts in which appropriate learning projects are to be carried out.