Support for good governance
Title: Support for good governance
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Economic Affairs Division (EAD)
Overall term: 2014 to 2015
Pakistan's need for continued state-building is reflected primarily in its volatile domestic situation. This manifests itself in political, religious and ethnically motivated conflicts and in the poor provision of public services. According to the Post Crisis Needs Assessment of 2010, the country's citizens have little confidence in the performance of public institutions. Large sections of Pakistan's population, particularly women and girls, are excluded from political, social and economic development. In 2013, Pakistan's tax to GDP ratio was 8.5 per cent, one of the lowest in the world. Transparency and tax equality are inadequate. In combination with corruption, this leads to a high level of distrust of the state among the citizens. Despite making clear efforts, the Government of Pakistan still faces considerable challenges to ensure good (financial) governance and security.
Selected areas of the government are better able to perform effective, transparent and responsive governance at national and subnational level.
The programme enhances the performance of government and non-government actors, clarifying mutual rights, obligations and expectations in the process. It focuses on the national level and on Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab provinces, as well as FATA. Key measures are being implemented through coordinated policy, technical, organisational and process advice on reforms in the following five areas:
- Administrative reform: The performance and accountability of selected local governments and the Local Government Department in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is enhanced.
- Tax reform: The performance and transparency of the tax administration at federal level as well as in the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab are improved.
- Prevention of violence against women: The performance of government actors to prevent violence against women in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) is fostered.
- Strengthening official statistics: The quality of data of the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics and the provincial bureaus of statistic of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab is enhanced.
- Promoting dialogue between the state and citizens: The exchange of information and dialogue between the state and citizens in the programme´s areas of support are fostered.
The programmes´s partners are the Local Government Department and selected municipalities, tax authorities, the Social Welfare, Special Education and Women's Empowerment Department of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA and statistical bureaus. The programme and its partners identify the need for reform, shaping and implementing change processes. The know-how of staff in the partner institutions is being enhanced with regard to conducive framework conditions and the clarification of roles, cooperation between institutions, organisational structures and procedures, as well as training measures. Success factors are being jointly identified, enabling partners to shape and steer reforms more effectively in future. The programme supports the Government of Pakistan in its efforts to harmonise the regulatory framework and policy content and to involve citizens in planning processes. This improves the quality of public services. The project is promotes citizen-responsive public relations by the partners and dialogue processes between government and non-governmental actors.
The following results have been achieved:
- 85 local government officials have been trained at the Local Governance School in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Evaluations have confirmed the successful application of financial management, regulations, service models and gender mainstreaming.
- The regulations on sales tax liability for goods have been adapted as a result of data-based policy consultancy. This assists the government partners in basing their policies on data, facts and figures. The number of registered taxpayers has increased, and the tax ratio grew by 0.3 per cent in 2012.
- Women's shelters run by the state and by civil society in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provide standardised medical, social and legal services to an average of 240 women and children each month.
- As a result of the General Statistics (Reorganization) Act adopted in 2011, the collection of official statistical data at federal level and in the provinces is standardised, thus helping to improve data quality and its comparability.