Title: Increased efficiency, accountability and transparency of courts in Moldova
Commissioned by: European Union (EU)
Country: Republic of Moldova
Lead executing agency: Superior Council of Magistracy (SCM), Supreme Court of Justice, Department of Judicial Administration of the Ministry of Justice
Overall term: 2014 to 2018
Moldova’s process of convergence with European standards and best practices in its judiciary and administration is already well advanced. A Superior Council of Magistrates has been put in place, and the National Institute of Justice was founded to provide appropriate training. Significant amendments have been made to the Code of Criminal Procedure to bring it in line with the requirements of fair trials. Even so, the justice sector remains one of the most complicated areas of reform. Positive changes to the system of administration of justice can only be achieved if there is also a marked shift in the attitudes and behaviour of those who work in the judiciary, as it is they who are responsible for supporting and carrying out the legal and institutional changes.
Moldova has implemented parts of its Justice Sector Reform Strategy and Action Plan 2011-2016. An accessible, efficient, independent, transparent and competent judicial sector exists, and Moldova’s courts operate with greater efficiency, impartiality, accountability and transparency.
This project involves GIZ as part of a consortium, together with the Dutch Center for International Legal Cooperation and the French Justice Coopération Internationale. It is active in institutional capacity building; provision of legal and academic advice; and communication, awareness raising, and cooperation with civil society.
The consortium is supporting its Moldavian partners in:
- carrying out reforms based on the Justice Sector Reform Strategy and Action Plan, 2011-2016
- the preparation of strategic, policy and legislative documents including amendments to the Code of Ethics
- drafting an action plan for the implementation of the law on mediation
- improving the courts management system
- defining mechanisms for monitoring, evaluating and increasing efficiency
- establishing a document management system for complaints about the misconduct of judges, as well as an integrated system for the collection, analysis and exchange of information
- applying an efficient mechanism for funding the judicial system, including budget planning
- increasing the transparency and accessibility of courts by enhancing public accessibility of courtrooms for all hearings, and by developing a modern website for the judiciary
- organising events for project partners, such as workshops, training sessions and round tables.
Increased efficiency, impartiality, accountability and transparency of the courts in Moldova, particularly in the context of the reforms proposed in the Justice Sector Reform Strategy and Action Plan. The judiciary has become a real guarantor of the observance of human rights and security for everyone in the course of the litigation procedure. Best practices have been applied to reduce the level of judicial corruption and increase public trust in the judiciary.
The efficiency of the court’s budget has improved, including optimisation of the courts’ displacement map, and allocation of judges and court staff per court. Capacity of the judicial institutions was developed to take ownership of the e-justice Integrated Case Management System.