Youth Employability Improvement Programme
Title: Youth employability improvement programme YEIP
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Education
Overall term: 2015 to 2017
Compared with the rest of the Arab region, youth unemployment in Yemen is very high, affecting an estimated 60 per cent of the 15-20 age group. The labour market has to cope with school drop-outs as well as graduates who do not have adequate vocational skills. In all, more than 200,000 young people leave school each year and begin the search for employment. The education system lacks the capacity to equip young adults with the expertise they need in order to contribute to Yemen’s economic development. It does little to prepare them for the world of work, and provides little or no information about potential career paths. School leavers are therefore unable to orient themselves within the labour market, to search for jobs or to recognise their own strengths and weaknesses. Contacts between educational institutions and local businesses that might help young people to make career choices do not exist. Nor are there many non-formal options for the later qualification of people who dropped out of secondary school.
The employability of young adults of secondary school age has increased.
This programme responds to a study carried out by GIZ in 2013, which identified the empowerment of young adults to find jobs and the creation of new employment opportunities to enable them to generate incomes, as crucially important factors for peace building in Yemen.
The programme is active in the following areas.
- Strengthening vocational and labour market orientation. By strengthening the vocational skills of secondary school students and improving their understanding of the labour market, the programme supports their transition to the world of work. To this end, young women and men benefit from careers advice and information on available training courses. They learn how to earn an income through self-employment, or how to go about finding paid employment.
- Introduction of vocational studies in the secondary education curriculum. If vocational studies are established as a subject for grades 10 to 12, it will increase the employability of those who complete their secondary schooling. The programme therefore supports the Ministry of Education in developing the appropriate curriculum, and in piloting it in selected schools.
- Non-formal training activities at secondary schools. Such activities are intended to develop vocational skills and key competencies, especially among secondary school dropouts, thereby increasing their employability. By acquiring market-oriented, social and technical skills, more young adults will be able to find suitable jobs.
The project is part of a special initiative designed to stabilise and promote development in North Africa and the Middle East run by Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). Through the projects that make up this special initiative, BMZ is helping to open up economic and social prospects for people in the region. Within this context, an additional sum of more than EUR 200 million has been earmarked for projects carried out by GIZ and other implementing organisations in the period from 2014 to 2019. The thematic focus is on youth and employment promotion, economic stabilisation, democracy and stabilising neighbouring countries in crisis situations.