Promoting school education in Afghanistan
Title: Strengthening of the German-supported schools in Kabul (SGS)
Commissioned by: German Federal Foreign Office (AA)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Education
Overall term: 2014 to 2020
More children and young people are attending school in Afghanistan than ever before. However, the quality of teaching and of the schools themselves is often inadequate. There is a need for improvement in school management and in the teaching of general subjects, subjects that prepare students for working life, and foreign languages. Teaching staff are generally poorly trained, actual teaching time is too short, and lessons are cancelled completely in winter. There is also a lack of modern teaching materials and school buildings.
The Afghan Government’s national education strategy provides for model schools where particularly gifted students are to be taught. These schools also serve as examples to be followed in the development of schools in other provinces in Afghanistan.
The conditions have been improved for the expansion of three schools in Kabul to become model schools.
Since 2014, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has been working on behalf of the German Federal Foreign Office to support the ongoing development of the Amani School, the Aisha-i-Durani School and the Lycée Jamhuriat in Kabul with the overall aim of continuously improving the education of Afghan children and young people.
The project focuses particularly on the improvement of school management and the optimisation of school-related processes. To achieve this, training and organisational development measures are being provided. The project improves the quality of teaching at the schools by providing laboratory rooms and materials, schoolbooks, and computers connected to the internet. This applies particularly to subjects in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). The project is also providing subject-specific and didactic training to teaching staff and is improving infrastructure by installing kitchens and heating systems, for example, so that all-day, all-year schooling can be provided.
Improvement of school management: Those taking part in trainings and consulting have acquired the skills to continue applying the improvements that have been introduced in schools. Corresponding financial and organisational contributions by the Afghan partner (remuneration of additional work by teaching staff, maintenance of equipment) are an important prerequisite for all this.
Improvement of the quality of teaching: Actual teaching time at the schools has increased as a result of the switchover to all-day schooling. New heating systems made it possible for the school to stay open all year round in 2017 for the first time. New extra-curricular activities such as art and music promote the creativity and health of schoolchildren and are increasing overall educational success.
All three schools take in children with particularly high educational potential once they have completed primary school. A new selection procedure in line with international standards was used for the first time in January 2017 and has been retained ever since.
Training of teaching staff: Up to now, international instructors have given training to 240 teachers on didactics and non-violent education. Twenty-two teachers have improved their knowledge in the subject of mathematics, and another fifty have participated in training in chemistry and biology. Training courses have also been held for the subjects of physics, English and German. English is now formally established as the first foreign language in the curriculum at the schools.
Improvement of infrastructure: The prerequisites in terms of facilities and equipment for functional all-day schooling have been put in place at the Amani School and the Aisha-i-Durani School. The Lycée Jamhuriat also operates on an all-day basis. The project has financed necessary repairs and the maintenance of existing infrastructure. New sports halls were opened at two girls’ schools, while the Amani School now has a new, modern football pitch. Students can familiarise themselves with modern working methods and learn about IT in well-equipped computer rooms.