Enhancement of the Egyptian Dual System (EEDS)

Project description

Title: Enhancement of the Egyptian Dual System (EEDS)
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Egypt
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Education and Technical Education
Overall term: 2015 to 2020

GIZ2019_GFA-MercedesService_David Degner GIZ


High unemployment, especially among youth, is one of Egypt’s most pressing problems. The reasons are rapid population growth, macroeconomic issues, inadequate job placement services and a lack of job-market relevance in education and training. Despite a weak economy, many Egyptian companies are looking for skilled workers. However, many positions cannot be filled because graduates are not appropriately prepared for employment as skilled workers. The dual education and training system enables companies to be involved in designing the training programmes, which makes the training more relevant to the needs of the job market. While the dual training system is ahead of other training options, the quality of the training must be improved further so that it is better tailored to the requirements of the business sector. For the dual training system to have an impact at the macroeconomic level, there are currently too few apprentices enrolled.


The number of apprentices in dual education and quality training programmes is increased.

GIZ2019_GFA-SwissGarment_David Degner GIZ


On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the project supports public and private sector partners in preparing young Egyptians to meet the requirements of the job market and thus in promoting sustainable employment. The focus is on developing participatory mechanisms for decision-making at all levels and in all parts of the system.

The project provides advice and support in the areas of:

  • Designing the Egyptian dual system: At national and regional level, the project advises public and private actors on jointly designing the strategic and conceptual framework, as well as the legal and regulatory framework for the Egyptian dual system.
  • Enhancing quality and quantity in the dual training system: At regional level, the project supports efforts to improve the in-company and school-based training for certain professions and promotes more dual training places. Based on a review and analysis of the vocational schools and the training institutions supported, the project adopts a participatory approach to developing standards for in-company training and advises the faculty and management of vocational schools.
  • Upskilling vocational training personnel in the dual system: At the school and company level, the project strengthens partner capacity through training measures designed for the faculty and the management with the aim of assisting them in achieving previously developed quality standards.
  • Introducing inter-company training: The project advises its partners on trying out inter-company training as a new element in the Egyptian dual system.


The establishment of multi-actor platforms on a national and regional level has strengthened the cooperation between the private sector and government actors. This enables the partners to recognise problems that require a political solution in good time and submit recommendations for counter-measures to the decision-makers. For example, a comprehensive methodology for planning and monitoring measures aimed at increasing the number of apprentices in the dual system has been developed. On the school side, a catalogue of criteria for effective teaching was developed and a quality management system was introduced. Companies have benefited from the introduction of instruments for improving in-company training as part of the Quality Pioneers Initiative (QPI). Ongoing training measures are strengthening the capacities of more than 500 teaching and management personnel. Moreover, the provision of inter-company training is being piloted in Alexandria and Giza. And an integrated development partnership (iDPP) with Siemens has been supporting the improvement of quality of training at the Zein El Abedeen School in Cairo.

Further Information