Modernised freight transport
Title: Towards climate-friendly transport technologies and measures (TRANSfer III)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC)
Overall term: 2017 to 2018
The economic upswing in Peru has led to an increase in trading activities and rising demand in the freight transport sector. However, a lack of infrastructure and an outdated vehicle fleet make the sector uneconomical and cause high emissions. The country’s competitiveness is therefore impaired, particularly as Peruvian freight transport is nearly four times as expensive compared with other countries in South America.
The Peruvian Government has set itself the goal of developing an organised system within the freight transport sector. In 2014, it adopted a development plan for transport logistics. Improving freight transport is crucial for achieving international climate targets and is a key component in consolidating economic growth in Peru.
The Peruvian Government is implementing strategies for reducing greenhouse gases and for developing productive, more sustainable, and more efficient freight transport.
The TRANSfer project – Towards Climate-Friendly Transport Technologies and Measures (known as TRANSfer III) – supports the Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) in developing strategies and action plans to increase the efficiency of the freight transport sector as well as reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The following areas are prioritised:
- Sustainable logistics infrastructure
- Dry ports/logistics centres
- Intermodal freight transport
- Coastal and inland shipping
- Truck fleet modernisation programme
The project supports the learning process and sharing of experience on measures to reduce greenhouse gases from freight transport. It does this through sector-specific events, specialist training and working groups with national and international experts.
MTC has made upgrading the truck fleet in the freight transport sector a political priority. A national scrappage scheme is currently being drawn up with the aim of speeding up this modernisation process through incentive systems.
To promote fuel-efficient driving in the freight transport sector, the ministry has set up a working group that is developing reforms on the issue and renewal of truck driving licences. International experience has shown that eco-efficient driving can create, on average, a fuel saving of 15 per cent and in turn a reduction in greenhouse gases by the same amount.