Effective wastewater management thanks to better sewage treatment plants

Project description

Title: Strengthening capacities for wastewater management
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Jordan
Lead executing agency: Water Authority of Jordan (WAJ)
Overall term: 2017 to 2020



Jordan is one of the most water-deprived countries in the world. More groundwater resources are already being extracted for drinking water, agriculture and industry each year than can be replenished by groundwater recharging. Climate change is causing temperatures to increase and precipitation to become more irregular, resulting in a further fall in the amount of water available. At the same time, the quality of water reserves is deteriorating, due in part to inadequate wastewater treatment and the presence of fertilisers.

The Jordanian Government is increasing its investment in the expansion of sewage treatment plants that allow for wastewater reuse. However, operating these plants is a complex technical task. Specialist staff are either not available in sufficient numbers or do not have the required expertise. The consequences of this are disruptions to plant operation and inadequate purification, which in turn means that reusing treated wastewater is only possible to a limited degree.


The Jordanian Government is ensuring effective operation of treatment plants and improving quality management in the wastewater sector.



The project supports the Jordanian Government in developing knowledge and skills for state supervision of the wastewater sector. At the same time, GIZ and its partners are establishing effective and efficient processes for the operation of treatment plants and are training specialist staff to meet new technical requirements.

Strengthening state supervision of the wastewater sector: The Technical Sustainable Management (TSM) quality management instrument, which has already been established in Egypt, is being introduced and adapted to local conditions in order to allow the Water Authority of Jordan (WAJ) to carry out its supervisory duties more effectively. In this regard, GIZ and its partners are defining standards for the operation and maintenance of wastewater treatment plants. Plants that fulfil all requirements are awarded a certificate. In parallel with this, GIZ and its partners are examining and improving the system of financial and technical performance indicators at WAJ.

Efficient processes for the operation of wastewater treatment plants: The project focuses on supporting the Yarmouk Water Company (YWC), which is responsible for water supply and wastewater disposal in northern Jordan. GIZ supports YWC with issues such as TSM certification for its treatment plants. In this context, it works with the partner to analyse the technical facilities and processes at an operational level and to improve these. This includes minor repairs, the replacing of defective parts, and the optimisation of operating and maintenance procedures, improved management of replacement parts, and the monitoring of safety precautions. GIZ and its partners also provide advice to YWC on organisational improvements and financial management of the company’s wastewater division. A consortium consisting of the consultancy companies GOPA Infra and GOPA Jordan supports the implementation of these activities in cooperation with Stadtentwässerung Dresden, the municipal wastewater treatment company for the city of Dresden.

Training specialist staff: Wastewater experts at YWC can participate in training courses tailored to their individual needs. The technical staff at wastewater treatment plants are trained and certified in accordance with the Water Operators Certification Program (WOCP) that is established in the Jordanian water sector. Studies are also being carried out to identify which additional training the experts require. Customised training plans are being designed and implemented based on the results of these studies.