Policy advice

Rural poverty has many different faces and impacts negatively on social relations. Social conflicts and environmental risks affect people’s development opportunities and can have long-term ramifications. The impacts of globalisation and climate change with their regional variations are creating new challenges for rural development. To achieve prosperity and growth and to secure people’s future livelihoods and their food security status, all actors need to network, harness their resources on a participatory basis and be able to engage in the development process. Against this backdrop, territorial development offers a good approach for the systemic, integrated development of rural areas.

The absence of state structures in regions that are difficult to access makes it difficult to implement this kind of approach. At the same time, it does create an ideal environment for the cultivation and trafficking of narcotics. Developing and transition countries are particularly prone to this scenario. Traditionally, drug crops are grown mainly in developing countries in Latin America, Asia and North Africa. At the most, farmers derive only a short-term boost in income and hence living conditions from the cultivation of drug crops. On the downside, however, this practice stands in the way of peaceful co-existence and blocks access to state health and education services and legal markets. International anti-drugs policy makes it incumbent on the producer nations to reduce the volume of drug crops and to stop illegal global trading in narcotics.
GIZ advises its partners on behalf of the German Federal Government.

Examples of our work

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Drug policy in development cooperation: the alternative development approach

The cultivation of coca and opium poppy (and the production of cocaine, opium and heroin) poses considerable problems for development and security. GIZ aims to reduce the illicit cultivation of drug crops by tackling its causes...
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Development in Rural Areas

Roughly three quarters of the world’s poor live in rural areas, making development measures in such areas especially important.

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