GIZ supports founders of small businesses, like Aicha Toujier, to help them realise their dreams.
In Afghanistan, GIZ provides measures to increase employment and income levels.
After completing his medical training in Germany, Prince Kwakye Afriyie now works in a hospital in his native Ghana.
In 2016, around 250 million people – roughly 3 per cent of the world population – were living outside their home country, making them international migrants. There are many reasons why people might leave their homes. Most are economic migrants looking for work or training opportunities in other countries.
But many people are forced to leave as a result of war or violence, or because they are being persecuted for religious or political reasons or due to their sexual identity. At the end of 2016, there were over 65 million forcibly displaced people around the world. More than 21 million sought sanctuary as refugees in other countries. Many more, around 41 million, remained in their home countries, seeking refuge as internally displaced persons (IDPs).
Displaced people must be protected and they also need prospects for a better future. The vast majority of migrants and refugees are in developing countries or emerging economies.
The reasons people leave their homes are varied, and they often overlap. Many people simply no longer see any prospects there for themselves and their children. Creating prospects for the future in these countries is therefore a priority area of GIZ's work, to ensure that people are no longer forced to leave but can decide of their own free will whether or not they wish to migrate. We help achieve this for instance by improving the food supply, opening up training and job prospects, and supporting economic development.
Globally, the majority of those displaced from their home countries flee to neighbouring countries, and these are often among the poorest in the world. This means that around 86 per cent of refugees worldwide are currently living in developing countries, where resources and infrastructure services are usually barely sufficient to cover the needs of the local population. GIZ supports the receiving regions in developing countries and emerging economies with projects that benefit refugees and the local population alike. This not only diffuses possible conflicts, but also creates long-term prospects for all.
GIZ supports IDPs and refugees – including those who wish to return to their homes. In areas with large numbers of refugees, it offers medical and psychosocial care, and supports measures that facilitate the coexistence of the various groups. Through employment programmes GIZ helps people who have lost homes and jobs to earn a living and obtain vocational training. To prevent the emergence of a lost generation it enables children to attend school. GIZ supports returnees in reintegrating into their home country, and ensures that they are able to put their contacts and their knowledge to good use there.
Safe and controlled migration offers considerable opportunities and potential, not only for the individual but also for entire communities and regions. The target countries profit from the migrants' labour, while the countries of origin benefit from the remittances and other forms of support that migrants normally provide to their relatives and friends back home. Migrants are innovators and knowledge bearers. At the same time they build bridges between their countries of origin and the receiving countries. GIZ supports migrants on their path towards a new future. This involves providing individual counselling on opportunities for migration on the one hand, and local training opportunities on the other. GIZ also supports services such as the provision of secure means of transferring money. Migrants who return to their home countries with newly acquired expertise receive support from GIZ in order to enable them to pass their knowledge on and make an active contribution to their country’s progress.