Strengthening reduce, reuse, recycle (3R) to preserve marine biodiversity

Project description

Title: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle to Protect the Marine Environment and Coral Reefs (3RproMar)
Commissioned by: Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ)
Country: ASEAN (Indonesia, Philippines, Viet Nam, Cambodia)
Lead executing agency: ASEAN
Overall term: 2020 to 2024

Waste pollution at the coastal area of Bangka Island, North Sulawesi. Copyright: GIZ/Julia Giebel


The increase of marine litter caused by insufficient waste management and recycling is threatening marine and coastal environments worldwide, including in the ASEAN region. Therefore, the environmentally sound management of waste to protect the marine environment is increasingly perceived as a cross-border challenge. As a regional community, ASEAN member states have consequently recognised this urgent need to take a joint action and made notable progress in combating marine litter. Given the transboundary dimension of marine litter, the adoption of the ASEAN Framework of Action on Marine Debris and the implementation of ASEAN Regional Action Plan for Combating Marine Debris in the ASEAN member states (2021 to 2025), provide an important basis for regional cooperation. At the same time, it helps to give greater visibility to national efforts, and promotes exchange of good practices.


The marine environment in the ASEAN region is better protected through improved regional capacities for reducing land-based waste leakage.

Waste pollution at the coastal area of Bunaken National Park, North Sulawesi. Copyright: GIZ/Julia Giebel


The project interventions include four areas of activities:

  • It promotes the enhancement of regional cooperation and knowledge management among the representatives of the ASEAN working groups dealing with marine litter and plastic pollution.
  • It supports the development of national measures for waste leakage reduction in the focused member states as well as their translation into local strategies.
  • The requirements for the private sector’s contribution to waste reduction are increased.
  • It implements pilot projects in selected communities along the value chain at the national level, ranging from sustainable consumption to enhanced waste collection and recycling.

Last update: December 2021

3RproMar project as part of a regional effort to protect the future of marine environment in the ASEAN region. Copyright: GIZ/Julia Giebel