A group of people walking in the desert and carrying heavy luggage

Facilitating labour migration and free movement in Africa

Support to the African Union on Labour Migration and Free Movement

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  • Commissioning Party

    German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

  • Cofinancier

    Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)

  • Country

    African Union (AU), selected AU Member States and Regional Economic Communities (RECs)

  • Lead executing agency


  • Overall term

    2022 to 2024

  • Products and expertise

    Governance and democracy


The vision of a united Africa, with free movement of people and increasing economic and political integration, has been a central idea for decades. This ideal advocates the free and unrestricted movement of citizens of one African country to another, allowing them the rights to live and work there without significant barriers. The African Union (AU) actively promotes the realisation of this vision.

Migration within Africa is much more common than to Europe or other regions of the world. Intraregional forms of migration, such as seasonal labour movements, remain crucial for the livelihood of millions across the continent.

Women balance baskets on their heads as they stroll along a road


The implementation of continental migration policy frameworks concerning labour migration and free movement of people has improved both nationally and regionally.


The project implements measures in three fields of action:

  1. Enhancing institutional mechanisms to implement the Migration Policy Framework for Africa (MPFA) focusing on labour migration. This includes improving coordination within the African Union Commission (AUC) on labour migration and mobility.
  2. Bolstering the technical and steering capacities of the AU to advise regional economic communities (RECs) and member states, including civil society, on labour migration and mobility.
  3. Collaborating with AUC to involve all relevant actors across the continent, regionally, and nationally in ratifying and implementing the AU Free Movement of Persons Protocol.

Last update: December 2023

Additional information