Policy advice for food security and agribusiness in Africa
Agriculture provides a livelihood for almost two thirds of the African population. Nevertheless, many countries have reduced their agricultural budgets in recent years and international assistance for this sector has also fallen. To reverse this trend, in 2003 the African Union (AU) and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) set up the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP). This initiative promotes investment in the sector and encourages coherent agricultural policies in Africa, with the goal of generating annual agricultural growth of at least six per cent in the AU member states.
The NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency, based in Midrand, South Africa, shares responsibility for coordinating CAADP with the AU Commission. The focus of both these institutions has recently shifted toward the provision of support to member states for the country-level implementation of CAADP.
Under the Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation, adopted by the AU in June 2014, African leaders committed themselves to ending hunger and halving poverty on the continent by 2025. CAADP is seen as a pivotal instrument in achieving the objectives of the declaration, so the Malabo Declaration has considerably increased the need to support CAADP implementation at country level.
Skills, resources and capacities for the country-level implementation of CAADP have been developed at the AU Commission and the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency, and in Africa’s eight regional economic communities.
On behalf of the German Government, GIZ has been supporting the NEPAD Agency in rolling out CAADP initiative since 2007. The main emphasis of the project ‘CAADP Policy Advice’ is on building institutional capacities at the NEPAD Agency, as well as at the Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture of the AU Commission. This should improve the policy and institutional framework for CAADP implementation at country level. With improved capacities, these two lead institutions for CAADP at continental level will be better placed to fulfil their mandates.
In 2016, the project is also supporting the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) in its role as chair of the CAADP Development Partner Coordination Group. Furthermore, the project supports the systematic involvement of Africa’s private sector in the CAADP process, with a view to enhancing private investment in the agricultural sector as a whole.
To achieve its objectives, the project provides technical advice for organisational development, institutional capacity building, strategy development, process management and agribusiness.
Through CAADP, the African Union has successfully established a continent-wide policy framework for agricultural transformation processes. African countries and the international development community have enthusiastically embraced CAADP.
Thanks to the German contribution, and with policy support from the AU Commission, the NEPAD Agency has successfully coordinated the rollout of CAADP across the continent. So far, 43 African countries and four of the regional economic communities have committed themselves to the CAADP process by signing the CAADP Compact (status: July 2016). Of these 43 countries, 39 have drawn up CAADP-based national agricultural investment plans, the implementation of which is crucial for the attainment of the goals and targets envisaged by CAADP and the Malabo Declaration. The NEPAD Agency and the AU Commission’s Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture now benefit from considerably improved institutional capacities and advisory competences, enabling them to promote CAADP implementation at country level.
Finally, with the overarching NEPAD Agribusiness Strategy and the NEPAD Agribusiness Flagship Programme in place, the way has been paved for the private sector in Africa to become an integral part of the CAADP process.
Title: Policy advice for strengthening implementation of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Member states of the African Union
Lead executing agency: African Union, represented by the AU Commission
Overall term: 2007 to 2016