Strengthening Climate Governance in Indonesia
Title: Strengthening Climate Governance of Indonesia for Implementing the Paris Agreement
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Overall term: 2017 to 2021
Indonesia is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the world and also severely affected by the impacts of climate change. This situation carries along major challenges. In 2007, the Indonesian government has started to draw up a comprehensive climate policy framework to respond to these challenges.
Indonesia has repeatedly contributed to the international climate negotiations and adheres to its self-imposed climate commitments. In November 2016, the country submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement, announcing the reduction of GHG emissions by 29 per cent until 2030. With international support, reductions could rise up further, to 41 per cent. Moreover, mitigation and adaptation have been planned as an integrated concept that is essential for building resilience in safeguarding food, water and energy resources.
Indonesia’s efforts in addressing climate change are further driven by implementing Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which were passed by a presidential regulation in 2017.
Moreover, the government considers low carbon development in accordance with SDGs and its NDC as the spirit of future national development
The government intends to adapt the national policy framework in compliance with the new international climate regime to be able to implement the Paris Agreement from 2020 on. Key steps towards this have been included in a NDC Implementation Strategy published by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry in October 2017. However, in its implementation process, this framework is facing major challenges which result from overlapping responsibilities as well as lacking capacities of key stakeholders.
Key climate policy stakeholders of the Indonesian government have successfully implemented core elements of the Paris Agreement into their national climate policy. Relevant stakeholders possess required capacities in the areas of policy management, interministerial coordination and involving non-party stakeholders. Experiences and lessons learned are shared with the international climate community.
The project helps to improve climate governance capacities of the key climate policy stakeholders in various dimensions, so that core elements of key components of the international climate regime are developed, adapted to the national context, harmonised and embedded in the national climate policy. In order to achieve this, the project provides needs-based and tailored policy advice as well as technical trainings for capacity development. It further supports the establishment of a format for interministerial consultation and coordination. The involvement of non-party stakeholders will be strengthened by supporting networking events and consultation processes. In addition, this will help to facilitate the exchange of Indonesia’s experiences, success stories and lessons learned at the international level.