Climate and resource protection through circular economy in Jordan

Project description

Title:Climate and resource protection through circular economy in Jordan
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Jordan
Lead executing agency: Greater Amman Municipality (GAM)
Overall term: 2017 to 2020

Context

Almost 40 per cent of the total population of Jordan lives in the Greater Amman Municipality (GAM). Additionally, the Municipality is home to around one third of all Syrian nationals registered in Jordan. The sharp rise in population is coupled with accelerated waste generation, placing considerable pressure on the waste management systems within the country, particularly in Amman. Virtually all the waste collected in Amman is deposited at the Al Ghabawi sanitary landfill without any kind of processing. Currently, less than three per cent of recyclables are recovered through the informal economy. The Greater Amman Municipality is aware of the problem, however its personnel lack the practical expertise and resources to drive the required modernisation of the waste sector, particularly the separation and treatment of recyclables in order to mitigate climate change.

Objective

The conditions for the implementation of a circular economy that protects the climate and conserves resources are created in the Greater Amman Municipality.

Approach

The Project supports the goals of the National Solid Waste Management Strategy and the strategic waste plan for GAM, and lays the foundation for a circular economy in Jordan.

The project focuses on the separation and treatment of recyclables and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. 
The project follows a holistic approach and targets different levels. The intervention area “Circular economy in the solid waste management sector” aims to improve the separated collection and treatment of recyclables within GAM. Thus, in three selected pilot areas, different models of separate collection and options for treatment are tested. Based on the experiences, holes in the legal and regulatory framework are to be uncovered with the partners. 

Simultaneously, different approaches to the climate-friendly utilisation of recyclables in the waste cycle system of GAM are tested. Based on market analysis, potential customers for recyclables are identified, conditions and processes of existing treatment plants for recyclables are verified, and necessary improvements are determined. If required, support to improve operational processes and to rehabilitate defect facilities will be provided.

Furthermore, the project’s focus on elaborating a “National in-service training programme” that is intended to provide Jordan with a concept for creating and/or expanding existing training institutions into a national training centre in the area of waste management and the circular economy. In order to establish a national training centre, the required organisational, financial and contextual aspects will be developed.

The project cooperates closely with other waste projects that are implemented by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH in Jordan as well as with national and international implementing organisations and donors, and particularly with Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW).

Results

In two residential and in one commercial pilot area in GAM, several options for separate collection of recyclables in circular economy are tested. Based on the experiences from the pilot tests, an upscaling concept for implementation of separate collection in GAM is developed.

Approaches for treatment and recovery of recyclables for climate protection are tested in GAM’s circular economy. A concept for improved treatment and recovery of recyclables is coordinated with the private sector.

A concept for establishing a national in-service training programme in the area of waste management and circular economy is developed. This concept addresses managerial, administrative, and financial aspects, promotes women’s participation and is coordinated with the relevant stakeholders. Additional curricula for training and skills development for specific target groups are prepared and tested.