Promotion of grid-connected renewable energy, focusing on wind energy
Title: Promotion of grid-connected renewable energy, focusing on wind energy, within the scope of the German Climate and Technology Initiative (DKTI)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Energy; Energy & Petroleum Regulatory Authority
Overall term: 2019 to 2023
Given the importance of access to electricity for national development, the Kenyan Government has identified energy generation and supply as key factors in its Vision 2030 development plan. In this plan, Kenya aspires to become a middle-income nation by 2030, whilst equally setting a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) target of 30 per cent emission reductions. The government has also set itself the goal of achieving universal access to electricity by 2022 and full transition to renewable energy power generation by 2020. Variable Renewable Energies (VRE) in the form of wind and solar PV are beginning to play a significant role in the national power development plans with 364MW (approximately 13 per cent of the total installed capacity of 2,720MW) of VREs being added in to the national grid in 2018. This includes the 310 MW wind farm at Loiyangalani on the shores of Lake Turkana as well as the 54 MW solar PV power plant in Garissa County. The third medium-term plan 2018-2022 (MTP III) envisages an additional 388 MW of solar PV and 490 MW of wind energy to the grid by 2022.
The resource-conserving expansion of wind and solar energy could substitute the planned climate-damaging use of coal and gas, and therefore make a crucial contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. An increased share of VRE would lower power generation costs thus simultaneously increasing the country’s competitiveness.
There is currently a lack of information on how incentives, technical regulations and other general conditions can be shaped in a targeted manner and subsequently managed so that the increase in VRE can proceed optimally for the economy as a whole, and not overload the electricity grids.
Conditions for the system-friendly and cost-efficient integration of variable renewable energies in the electricity grid are improved.
The project offers advisory support on improving the conditions for investment in future VRE. It aims to enhance the technical and methodological capacity of state actors.
For this purpose, the project is engaging in four spheres of activity:
- Energy policy: State actors and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) are provided with support on assessing specific VRE data and strategies and translating these into policy recommendations.
- Energy planning: Support is given to stakeholders to improve their planning and modelling skills as well as to help them analyse the economic benefits in addition to the limitations involved in integrating VRE.
- Regulation: The state regulatory body is familiarised with the specific costs, benefits and investment risks associated with VRE as well as the fundamentals of internationally proven regulatory approaches.
- Technical implementation: The technical expertise of wind power and solar PV developers and operators as well as the grid operator is developed further and coordination among these parties is improved.
The project’s target group consists of grid-connected energy stakeholders and ultimately the entire population, which stands to benefit from the availability of a reliable, low-cost and environmentally friendly energy supply to the Kenyan economy.
KfW Development Bank is cofinancing Kenya’s second largest wind power project, the Meru wind farm. Lessons learned from this financing arrangement are feeding into the project’s advisory services on improving the conditions for future investment in VRE.