More fish and income from sustainable fisheries and aquaculture
Title: Special initiative ONE WORLD – No Hunger: Global Programme Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Country: Global; Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Uganda and Zambia Overall term: 2016 to 2023
By 2050, the world’s population is predicted to reach nine billion people. Providing food and nutrients for everyone is a challenge. Fish and aquaculture products help to combat undernourishment and malnutrition in countries with low incomes and facing food insecurity. They help to secure the livelihoods of millions of families. In the partner countries of development cooperation, demand exceeds the supply of fish from industrial and artisanal fisheries. However, the fishing techniques used in industrial and artisanal fisheries are not usually environmentally friendly. Resources that are already fully exhausted are frequently overfished. Up to 25 per cent of all wild-caught fish is used to produce fishmeal and fish oil, which means that it is then no longer available for human consumption. What is more, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing is depleting catches, restricting fish supplies and contributing to economic losses in the countries. There is a lack of appropriate framework conditions, compliance with legal provisions, access to high-quality resources (such as fingerlings and feed), and technical knowledge regarding sustainable production and processing of fish, which would curb IUU fishing, increase productivity and reduce after-catch losses.
The population has access to more fish products and higher incomes derived from sustainable and resource-friendly fisheries and aquaculture.
The global programme contributes to increased fish production, the creation of more jobs, sustainable fishing and aquaculture and the curbing of IUU fishing.
More fish, more work: Micro, small and medium-sized artisanal fishing and aquaculture enterprises are advised on the sustainable production and processing of fish. This increases the size of the workforce and the associated income opportunities in the fish value chain. Selecting and introducing innovative production methods reduces production costs and after-catch losses. Local advisory services, training providers and associations are trained using a train-the-trainer approach, which allows advice and training offers to be developed further and offered on a long-term basis. The basics of business management are taught alongside technical expertise.
Sustainable fish: The framework conditions for implementing sustainable and resource-efficient artisanal fishing and aquaculture are being improved. For this purpose, the partner country governments are advised on developing and implementing strategies, action plans, management plans and other guidelines. Recommendations are based on the internationally recognised guidelines of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Dialogue events and training measures allow the target groups in question to be involved in the development of regulations for this field and ensure that they are implemented in practice.
Fewer fish from illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing: The proportion of fish products from IUU fishing is to be reduced by implementing sustainable management plans, introducing registration and licensing systems for fisherfolk and their boats, and by strengthening controls.
The respective fishing ministries and their downstream agencies as well as national and international consulting firms non-governmental organisations and research institutions are involved in implementing the global programme. Development workers are also supporting the setting up and expansion of local advisory and other services in the fisheries and aquaculture field. The European Union supports the global programme with cofinancing of two million euros to develop and implement hygiene standards and norms for the production and processing of small fish in Mauritania. The programme also cooperates with the non-governmental organisation Stop Illegal Fishing (SIF) to support partner countries with implementing the FAO Agreement on Port State Measures (PSMA), namely in Ghana, Madagascar and Mozambique.
Men and women in the fish value chain have increased their annual income.
Around 8,000 boats have been registered and some 1,500 fishing licences granted.
So far, more than 240 checks have been carried out based on new standard operating procedures (SOPs)
More than 5,000 operations have increased their production capacity.
Four countries have implemented 20 measures for sustainable fisheries and aquaculture in accordance with the FAO guidelines. This includes revising national strategies and developing relevant implementation and action plans.
Five countries have taken 18 measures to curb IUU fishing