More fish and income from sustainable fisheries and aquaculture
Title: Special Initiative ONEWORLD No Hunger: Global Programme Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Co-funded by: European Union Country: Global; Uganda, Madagascar, Mauritania, Malawi, Zambia, Cambodia, India, Ghana, and Mozambique Overall term: 2016 to 2024
By 2050, the world’s population is expected to reach nine billion people. Providing adequate food and nutrients for everyone is a challenge. Fish and aquaculture products help to combat undernourishment and malnutrition in countries with low income and prevalent food insecurity. They help to secure the livelihoods of millions of families. In the development cooperation partner countries , demand exceeds the supply of fish from industrial and artisanal fisheries. However, fishing techniques used in industrial and artisanal fisheries are not sustainable. Resources that are already fully exploited are frequently overfished. Up to 18 percent of all wild-caught fish is used to produce fishmeal and fish oil, meaning it is then no longer available for human consumption. Additionally, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing negatively impacts catches, fish supply and contributes to economic losses in the countries. There is a lack of appropriate framework conditions, compliance with legal provisions, access to high-quality resources (such as fingerlings and feed), and technical knowledge regarding sustainable production and processing of fish, which would curb IUU fishing, increase productivity and reduce post-harvest losses.
The population has access to more fish products and higher incomes derived from sustainable and resource-friendly fisheries and aquaculture.
The Global Programme contributes to increased fish production, the creation of more jobs, sustainable fishing and aquaculture and the reduction of IUU fishing.
More fish, more work: Micro, small and medium-sized artisanal fisheries and aquaculture enterprises are advised on the sustainable production and processing of fish. This increases the size of the workforce and the associated income opportunities in the fish value chain. Selecting and introducing innovative production methods reduces production costs and post-harvest losses. Local advisory services, training providers and associations are trained using a train-the-trainer approach, which allows advice and training offers to be developed further and offered on a long-term basis. The basics of business management are taught alongside technical expertise.
Sustainable fish: The framework conditions for implementing sustainable and resource-friendly artisanal fisheries and aquaculture are being improved. For this purpose, the partner country governments are advised on developing and implementing strategies, action plans, management plans and other guidelines. Recommendations are based on the internationally recognised guidelines of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Dialogue events and training measures allow the target groups in question to be involved in the development of regulations for the sector and ensure their implementation.
Less fish from illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing: The proportion of fish products from IUU fishing is to be reduced through the implementation of sustainable management plans, introduction of registration and licensing systems for fishers and their boats, and stricter controls.
The respective fishing ministries and their affiliated agencies as well as national and international consulting firms, non-governmental organisations and research institutions are involved in implementing the Global Programme. Development workers support the set-up and extension of local advisory and other services in the sector of fisheries and aquaculture. The European Union supports the Global Programme with a co-financement of two million euros to develop and implement hygiene standards and norms for the production and processing of small pelagic fish in Mauritania. The programme also cooperates with the non-governmental organisation Stop Illegal Fishing (SIF) to support partner countries in implementing the FAO Agreement on Port State Measures (PSMA), namely in Ghana, Madagascar and Mozambique.
Men and women in the fish value chain have increased their annual income.
Around 13,000 boats have been registered and about 26,000 fishing licences granted.
So far, more than 700 checks have been carried out based on new Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)
Around 9,000 businesses have increased their production capacity.
Six countries have implemented 28 measures for sustainable fisheries and aquaculture in accordance with the FAO guidelines. This includes revising national strategies and developing relevant implementation and action plans.
Five countries applied 64 measures to curb IUU fishing.