Improving dual vocational training in Kenya

Project description

Title: Promotion of Youth Employment and Vocational Training
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Kenya
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Education (MoE)
Overall term: 2019 to 2020


Kenya is one of the ten leading economic nations in sub-Saharan Africa. In recent years, the country has enjoyed economic success. Industrially, Kenya is the most developed country in East Africa. Despite this, the contribution of industry to total economic output has remained at the same level, around 20 per cent.

There is a lack of jobs for the growing population of young people. At the same time, there is a lack of qualified professionals in industry to raise productivity and foster growth. This lack is due above all to vocational training in Kenya which is not geared strongly enough to employment and too focused on theory.

To counter the growing unemployment among young people, the Kenyan Government has recently begun to accord greater priority to vocational training. By reforming vocational training, the government plans to improve access to training, as well as quality and relevance. The private sector is to play a greater role in shaping and conducting training. However, until now there has been a lack of experience and positive examples of how cooperation with the private sector in vocational training could be stepped up and institutionalised to a greater degree. One solution could be dual training, in which individual training modules could take place in businesses. However, the requirements in terms of content, human resources and organisation for piloting job-oriented, dual vocational training are insufficiently developed.


The prerequisites for job-oriented, dual vocational training in terms of content, human resources and organisation have been improved.


The project is working mainly in the greater Nairobi area, where a large part of Kenyan industry is based.

The project supports selected industrial companies with developing competences and provides advice. The companies are to play an active role in developing and conducting dual training. The project is continuing its skills and competence-building work and is supporting organisational development in selected state training institutions. This will enable the latter to implement the school-based part of the training in close coordination with the participating companies. Lastly, dual vocational training will be firmly established as an innovative model by means of Kenyan vocational training reform legislation. The project is advising the respective state vocational training bodies in this respect.