Participatory and Integrated Land Use Planning (PILUP)

Project description

Title: Participatory and Integrated Land Use Planning (PILUP)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Ethiopia
Lead executing agency: Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission (EFCCC)
Overall term: 2019 to 2021


A rapidly growing population size, continued dependency on agriculture, uncontrolled urban sprawl and industrialisation have led to inappropriate land uses and degradation of natural resources in Ethiopia. The increased pressure on land in rural areas resulted into conflicts among different interest groups and clashes between communities and the government.

Although there are laws and procedures to regulate urban and rural land use, they lack clarity and intersectoral intervening. Consequently, this leads to national and regional discrepancies with procedures and mandates, whilst having an adverse impact on social, environmental and economic affairs. Furthermore, planning and decision-making processes are often non-transparent and frequently fail to meet the needs of vulnerable groups such as women, ethnic minorities and young people.

In recognising the need of a robust and integrated land use plan and policy, the Ethiopian government in its Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) II stipulated the preparation of national and regional land use plans. Accordingly, the National Integrated Land Use Planning and Policy (NILUPP) Office was established. The NILUPP office, which operates under the Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission (EFCCC), is mandated to coordinate and develop the cross-sectoral land use planning process at federal, regional and district (woreda) level. The NILUPP Office, therefore, developed a roadmap, which highlights the activities and procedures required to coordinate efforts towards developing an integrated and sustainable land use planning at different levels.

A successful implementation of the roadmap requires capacity building. Knowledge gaps regarding objectives, instruments, and procedures of integrated spatial and participatory land use planning need to be addressed, both amongst the authorities and the public. Moreover, technical support in the development and implementation of integrated land use planning policies at all levels is key to lower the pressure on land in rural areas. Safeguards against forced resettlement and land conflicts will be developed and implemented through consultation, participation and dispute resolution mechanisms.


The project has enabled the EFCCC, to apply principles, standards and instruments of participatory and integrated land use planning at federal, regional and district levels.


Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH is supporting the NILUPP office in implementing the roadmap and provides support to other implementation partners. Thereby, the project aims to achieve the following four outputs:

Awareness Raising: Promoting participatory and integrated land use planning by enhancing the awareness of planning institutions, CSOs and individuals within the public and private sphere through effective engagement of various stakeholders and tailored communication products. In addition, public dialog is initiated and fostered through various forums and study tours.

Capacity Building: Enhancing and building skills, abilities, knowledge and technical capacity of decision-makers, CSOs, and local land users through various trainings and equipment.

Institutional Framework: Strengthening the institutional framework and revising the Ethiopian Land Use Policy and other land related regulations. In this sense, PLUP supports the development of proclamations, regulations and technical guidelines with special emphasis on peri-urban areas, environmental concerns and local economic development.

Application and Learning: The project ensures that the developed methods, standards and procedures for participatory and integrated land use planning are tested in two pilot regions (Amhara and Benishangul-Gumuz).