Enhancing Rural Resilience through Appropriate Development Actions (ERADA)

Project description

Title: Enhancing Rural Resilience through Appropriate Development Actions (ERADA)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: India
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Government of India
Overall term: 2021 to 2024

Three smiling women hold a basket of fruit. Copyright: GIZ.


In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic hit the globe. This resulted in about ten million Indians returning from urban areas to their home villages as they had lost their livelihoods and income. The returning population put additional pressure on already depleted natural resources and livelihood opportunities in rural areas.

The Indo-German development cooperation project Enhancing Rural Resilience through Appropriate Development Actions (ERADA) is part of the Corona Immediate Programme of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). It works to develop and promote alternative and diversified livelihood opportunities in selected rural areas. The aim is to improve both incomes and rural resilience.


The livelihoods of vulnerable households in selected rural areas are being improved based on locally available natural resources and developmental support programmes.


The project works closely with women, youth, migrants, and other vulnerable communities to improve their livelihood opportunities in rural areas and provide them with a better income. This seeks to encourage them to stay, thus preventing them from migrating out of distress. Moreover, they will be better equipped for upcoming pandemics and other crises.

Key measures include:

  • Improving wage work availability and creating rural infrastructure for livelihoods for vulnerable households through the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) Programme.
  • Improving the participation of vulnerable households in value-chain activities and skilling initiatives, in convergence with the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) and other development programmes.
  • Developing action plans for convergent planning, financing and implementation of development programmes as well as providing digital solutions for improving beneficiaries' access to these measures.

Last update: May 2022

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Additional information