Developing Ghana’s TVET system

Pact for Skills: Support to the Transformation of the TVET System in Ghana

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  • Commissioning Party

    German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

  • Cofinancier

    European Union (EU)

  • Country
  • Lead executing agency


  • Overall term

    2023 to 2026

  • Products and expertise

    Economic development and employment


In 2021, around eleven per cent of Ghana’s population was living on less than 1.90 US dollars per day. Over 90 per cent of people in employment work in the informal sector. There is also a shortage of qualified skilled workers, who are urgently needed to secure companies’ competitiveness and future viability. Yet few middle school graduates in Ghana go on to enrol in formal technical and vocational education and training (TVET) programmes.

The Ghana Skills Development Initiative, which came to a close at the end of 2022, supported TVET in Ghana. Nonetheless, the effectiveness of Ghana’s TVET system is limited in terms of its management, teaching staff, and alignment with labour-market needs.


Support is provided for a TVET system in Ghana which is aligned with labour-market needs. Green and digital issues play a key role, together with the involvement of the private sector.



The previously implemented components concentrated on further elements of the TVET system, such as skills-based vocational education and training. The plan now is to expand structures and develop skills, which will improve the framework for implementing the TVET reform and managing the system.

The project supports the Ghanaian Government’s strategy to enhance the TVET system. The aim is to ensure that the system can better meet the requirements for sustainable development in economic, social and environmental terms. To this end, the project develops the competencies of state TVET stakeholders and the practical and teaching skills of TVET staff. It is also boosting the involvement of the private sector, expanding green education and training, and supporting digital transformation in the TVET sector.

Last update: March 2023

Additional information