Improving migration and displacement policies in the Horn of Africa

Improving Migration and Displacement Policies in the IGAD Region (SIMPI II)

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  • Commissioning Party

    German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

  • Country

    Member states of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)

  • Lead executing agency


  • Overall term

    2023 to 2025

  • Products and expertise

    Security, reconstruction and peace

The German ambassador in Kenya and the director of the IGAD Health and Social Development Division shake hands at a conference. Copyright: IGAD


The Horn of Africa region is characterised by migration and displacement movements. Most of the people involved migrate within countries of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). Its member states include Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. In 2022, these countries hosted more than four million refugees and nearly 13 million internally displaced people. The consequences of climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic also contribute to the challenges facing the region.

Moreover, the large number of refugees and migrants is increasing the pressure on natural resources in the host countries and can lead to conflicts between refugees and host communities. The IGAD states are thus working together to implement regional migration and displacement policies.


IGAD implements its political objectives regarding migration and displacement more effectively.

Participants in the Kampala Declaration meeting stand in front of a stand containing artisanal products, behind which a displaced entrepreneur stands. Copyright: IGAD


The project supports IGAD in developing permanent solutions for migrants and refugees. It focuses on four areas of activity:

  • Migration: the project supports IGAD in implementing regional framework policies on migration. These policies address the recognition of qualifications and the harmonisation of migration data in selected member states.
  • Displacement: the project advises IGAD and its member states on integrating refugees and returnees into the national labour markets and education systems of the most important host countries.
  • Cross-border cooperation: the project backs IGAD in coordinating cross-border cooperation between the local administrations. This is intended to improve living conditions and access to basic services in border regions.
  • Learning processes: the project advises IGAD on expanding systemic learning on migration and displacement in the IGAD region and on developing knowledge products for lessons learned.
The poster for the third IGAD scientific conference. Copyright: IGAD

Last update: March 2023

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