A green lanscape with mountains in the background.

Expanding renewable energy and enhancing energy efficiency

Kosovo Energy Project 2

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  • Commissioning Party

    Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

  • Country
  • Lead executing agency


  • Overall term

    2023 to 2026

  • Products and expertise

    Climate, environment, management of natural resources


As one of the Contracting Parties of the European Energy Community, Kosovo is committed to implementing comprehensive reforms that address energy and climate change. In this connection, the country has drafted the National Energy and Climate Plan (NCEP), an important building block to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050.

However, Kosovo is facing a serious energy crisis. The coal-fired Kosovo A power station, which was built in the 1960s, has had to cope with the increasing frequency of breakdowns that have affected parts of the station during the 2022-2023 heating season. It can barely meet the heating energy demand. Kosovo must therefore increase its energy imports in order to provide basic services, but the country cannot afford the soaring energy prices.

The significant drop in the price of solar power systems means that renewable energy now plays a crucial role in the energy transition and in ensuring a stable power supply. This is particularly true of buildings.


Owners of public and private buildings are contributing more and more to the energy transition in Kosovo.


The project improves the regulatory framework for investment in decentralised photovoltaic systems and energy efficiency measures in buildings. This provides long-term direction to house and apartment owners, small companies and communities, and allows them to plan with certainty. It also encourages them to invest.

In addition, the project creates financing options for public and private players, to enable them to install decentralised photovoltaic systems and to implement energy efficiency measures. This will enhance overall energy efficiency in buildings.

The project also ensures that more information is available for the responsible individuals in the private and public sector. The information includes details of financing options and measures to promote the use of decentralised photovoltaic systems and to enhance energy efficiency in buildings.

Last update: June 2023

Additional information