Several wind turbines in the middle of a green landscape.

Emission reductions through improved waste management infrastructures

Emission Reduction in Cities through Improved Waste Management

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  • Commissioning Party

    Federal German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

  • Country
  • Lead executing agency


  • Overall term

    2020 to 2024

  • Other Stakeholders

    Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK), Ministry of Public Works and Housing (PUPR), Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA)

  • Products and expertise

    Sustainable Infrastructure: Water, Energy, Transport


Indonesia's municipal waste management faces challenges due to the country’s lack of environmentally friendly and resource-saving systems. Less than half of waste is collected and only about five per cent is recycled. Improper disposal and burning practices contribute to negative greenhouse gas emissions and environmental health impacts. Local authorities struggle with technical skills, data reliability and financing strategies for waste-management solutions. However, improving waste management would present opportunities for climate-sensitive and long-term growth and emissions reductions. Circular economy strategies could potentially reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by 10 to15 per cent.


Environmentally sensitive integrated waste-management systems are being implemented in several Indonesian cities and knowledge exchanges are taking place between national and regional partners.


The project aligns with Indonesia's sustainable development goal (SDG) priorities and is part of the German Climate Technology Initiative (DKTI). Collaborations with the Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS), Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK), Ministry of Public Works and Housing (PUPR) and Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) are crucial for its success. The project aims to link waste and climate goals by enhancing planning tools, data management and know-how, as well as providing funding models at national and regional levels. Synergies with the Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) waste infrastructure project will be leveraged with civil society and private sector actors actively participating in implementation.

Last update: July 2023