Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation

Programme description

Title: Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in Central America and the Dominican Republic
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: El Salvador
Lead executing agency: Comisión Centroamericana de Ambiente y Desarrollo (CCAD)
Overall term: 2010 to 2017

Central America. Well structured, natural tropical rainforest, as found on the Atlantic coastlines of Honduras and Nicaragua. © GIZ"


Germany is assisting Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador and the Dominican Republic in managing their natural resources. To help the countries of Central America adapt better to the impacts of climate change, Germany has pledged its support for the Central American Commission for Environment and Development (Comisión Centroamericana de Ambiente y Desarrollo – CCAD).


In CCAD member states, conditions have improved for the effective implementation of sustainable compensation mechanisms to reduce CO2 emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

Central America. Marking future trees in tropical rainforests for sustainable management in close cooperation with local smallholders. © GIZ


At the national level, the programme backs the implementation of measures designed to avoid forest destruction and promotes the development of REDD strategies and intersectoral policy dialogue. REDD stands for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation. In regional terms, the programme supports the technical and political coordination processes between the eight countries of Belize, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama, in order to strengthen their regional position in international negotiations.

The programme comprises three components with the following objectives:

  1. Intersectoral dialogue
    Policy coherence between sectors and levels (national, regional, international) is improved for the good of forest conservation.
  2. Sustainable compensation mechanisms
    Institutional and regulatory framework conditions are created in CCAD member countries to implement sustainable compensation mechanisms that reduce CO2 emissions due to deforestation and forest degradation.
  3. Monitoring and reporting
    Decision-makers and institutions that are required to report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) have access to the data material they need to monitor CO2 emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

National level planning workshops have been held for key actors from the eight countries involved, and operations were initiated in November 2010. Collective steps to implement REDD in the region were agreed at a synthesis workshop and presented by CCAD at the UN Climate Conference in Cancun, Mexico, in December 2010.

Results achieved so far

  • Guidelines have been drawn up for an advisory project that will help to develop an appropriate fundraising strategy at the regional level.
  • The programme has supported studies in El Salvador, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala and Panama on the issues of mitigation (reducing the effects of climate change) and adaptation to climate change.
  • Workshops on REDD and its role within the national strategies on reducing deforestation have been conducted for indigenous communities.
  • Regional agendas from the various technical committees of CCAD on climate change, forests and protected areas have been advanced; the political, institutional and specialist dialogue among the committees and specialist groups has been promoted. One of the most successful outcomes of these measures is the fact that the various committees now convene to coordinate their agendas and work on common objectives.
  • Communication tools (monthly newsletters, internet sites for REDD and CCAD-GIZ, experience sharing on forest protection per video, etc.) have been developed with the objective of establishing a regional communication strategy on REDD.
  • A regional training programme on forest monitoring was conducted from June 2011 to July 2012, attended by three specialists from each of the eight partner countries Belize, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama.
  • A strategy paper on forest protection and biodiversity has been drawn up on behalf of the CCAD Council of Ministers. At the same time, the programme supports the development of national REDD strategies in several countries.

Further information