Climate Finance Governance
Title: Promotion of the Climate Change Unit in coordinating the Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP) – Strengthening Climate Finance Governance
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Bangladesh Ministry of Environment and Forest
Overall term: 2013 to 2018
Climate change presents the people of Bangladesh with a variety of new challenges. Floods, tropical storms and prolonged droughts are changing day-to-day living conditions, especially for the poorest groups in society. The Government of Bangladesh has responded to these challenges by developing the Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan. This was launched at the beginning of 2009 under the supervision of the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). It provides the basic framework for climate-related activities in Bangladesh.
It has not yet been possible to evaluate fully the quality and impact of the projects funded so far. Shortcomings exist in terms of both the financial management of the funds and of the harmonisation and coordination of measures across departments. MoEF needs greater capacities to provide evidence-based policy advice to support climate-related policymaking across the government. The Ministry also needs to improve its ability to manage funds and implement its own climate change-related projects.
MoEF and its line agencies have improved the results-based implementation of the National Climate Change Strategy, according to fiduciary principles.
The Ministry of Environment and Forests is responsible for implementing the Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan. The project supports the Ministry in improving its technical capacity to deliver advisory services to other ministries and agencies. It carries out educational and training measures to build more efficient institutional structures and improve decision making related to climate change policy and investments. It also promotes the development of systematic approaches to climate change across government. The measures included in this capacity development strategy address three areas:
- Nationwide vulnerability assessment: With the assistance of the project, the Department of Environment (DoE) is developing a climate change vulnerability assessment tool which the government can deploy across the country. The assessments will provide baseline data for measuring climate change adaptation activities and can be used to identify places of high vulnerability. This in turn will keep policymakers better informed and improve the allocation of funds to areas of greater need.
- Public financial management at the Department of Environment: The project contributes to strengthened fiduciary management in at least one of MoEF’s line agencies. The DoE has applied to the Green Climate Fund for accreditation and the project is supporting its efforts to improve key areas of its fiduciary management. This will enhance the Department’s internal financial management structures, enabling it to implement internally and externally funded climate change projects.
- Coordination of the Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan within the Ministry’s own processes and across the government: Following a critical review of the current Action Plan and its implementation, MoEF and its line agencies will be better placed to coordinate climate change policy in future. Lessons learnt will be fed into an updated version of the strategy.