Women in traditional, vibrant saris are lined up outdoors with goats in a rural area of Darbhanga, Bihar, India. © GIZ

Enhancing climate resilience in rural India

Climate Adaptation, Resilience and Climate Finance in Rural India (CAFRI II)

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  • Commissioning Party

    German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

  • Country
  • Lead executing agency


  • Overall term

    2023 to 2026

  • Products and expertise

    Climate, environment, management of natural resources


According to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Adaptation Gap Report 2023, developing countries need ten to eighteen times the current international public finance flows for climate adaptation. This decade, projected annual costs stand at around 190 billion euros, rising to 330 billion euros annually for domestic priorities like agriculture, water supply, and health. These figures align with India's third National Communication and Initial Adaptation Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC).

Recognising these challenges, India has gradually integrated climate adaptation strategies into its national policies and programmes. Accordingly, the country’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) aim to reduce climate risks for vulnerable populations and industries. These efforts place special emphasis on increasing climate financing instruments in agriculture, as well as in water management across the Himalayan, coastal, and Indo-Gangetic plains regions.

Neat rows of lush vegetable plants in a field with a backdrop of trees under a cloudy sky, located in Karnal, Haryana, India.


State governments and financial institutions have established climate action plans that are risk-informed and gender-responsive.


The project enhances climate resilience by downscaling scientifically informed gender-responsive models that are aligned with the State Action Plans for Climate Change (SAPCCs). It concentrates on enabling policy makers to access financial resources from public and private institutions.

Core project activities include:

  • Gender initiatives: The project engages with the state and central governments as well as civil society institutions to foster women’s participation in local development planning.
  • Climate risk-informed planning: It improves the skills of decision-makers, organisations, and civil society to handle climate risks and build resilience through targeted training and development programmes.
  • Climate finance: The project collaborates with financial institutions to expand the use and understanding of climate financing instruments for adaptive business models.

Last update: May 2024

Additional information