Vocational training and employment promotion
Title: Training and employment promotion
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Economy and Antimonopoly Policy, together with the implementing agencies Ministry of Youth, Labour and Employment, Ministry of Education and Science, and the Chamber of Industry and Commerce
Overall term: 2009 to 2013
After a dramatic decline in economic activity at the beginning of the transition period, since the mid-1990s the Kyrgyz economy has stabilised at a reduced level. The situation in the country is characterised by poverty, adverse economic conditions and weak public institutions. At the same time, however, a new liberalism and willingness to introduce economic reforms can be seen, and there is a readiness on the part of political decision-makers to work in partnership with society and to pursue decentralisation.
For some years, the situation in the Kyrgyz labour market has been very tense. The employment rate has declined steadily because, while the number of available jobs has barely increased, the working-age population has grown strongly. The proportion of youth in the country's population is now estimated at more than 50%. Interventions already made in the fields of vocational education and training, the labour market and employment have not yet had a positive effect on the employment situation.
The vocational training system is inadequate. It is currently unable to qualify young people to meet the needs of employers and the labour market. Labour market service providers and supervision are likewise deficient. There is often a lack of trained careers advisors able to connect job seekers with open positions, and young people often miss out on appropriate vocational training because the information they need is unavailable.
Job placement services for adolescents and young adults have improved and employers are better able to fill their vacant positions. The vocational education system enjoys greater acceptance and unemployed youth are completing vocational training.
The programme advises its partners and stakeholders on how to employ a participatory approach to change structures, procedures and processes in such a way that the quality of vocational education and the monitoring of the labour market can improve. The steps taken include analysis of the current situation, the development of social partnership structures and models for achieving greater transparency through participatory decision making, and the testing and evaluation of these structures and models.
In this context, the programme is supporting the certification of entry-level vocational qualifications, the accreditation of vocational training institutions and programmes, and the introduction and use of improved employment services for job seekers and employers.
Young unemployed people are benefiting from training courses in entrepreneurship skills, metalwork and welding, European-level computing certificates, processing of agricultural products, and energy-efficient construction and building techniques. These are complemented by courses in peaceful coexistence, conflict prevention, and rights and obligations in the state. At the same time, teachers and other staff are given instruction in youth work. The programme has also procured essential equipment for 15 local job centres where advice is given to job seekers and potential employers, and for the technical training measures provided for the young people. For example, in each of 10 vocational schools a computer lab is being installed with 15 learning stations. These are supplied with teaching materials and are to be certified as testing centres where candidates can qualify for the European Computer Driving Licence.
The programme is cooperating with the International Labour Organization (ILO) in the field of labour market information and aspects of employment promotion, and with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on the reform of vocational schools. With the EU and other donors it is also supporting the development of a sector-wide approach for education.