Indo-German Energy Programme (IGEN)

Programme description

Title: Indo-German Energy Programme (IGEN)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Central Electricity Authority (CEA), Ministry of Power (MoP), Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India
Overall term: 2015 to 2019

India. Solar panels


India now consumes more than 6,600 TWh of energy per year, but its per capita electricity consumption of around 1,000 kWh, is less than one seventh of that of industrialised countries. This creates considerable challenges in all areas of society and in rural and urban regions. Restricted access to energy, be it for private households, industrial enterprises or service providers, limits opportunities for economic development and poverty reduction.

The quality of the energy supply is also an important factor for India’s economic development. In an energy market characterised by scarce supply and rapidly increasing demand, two strategies are seen as vital for future development: 1) save energy along the entire supply chain and in applications and production, thereby optimising resource use and reducing costs, and 2) introducing renewables on a large scale and integrating these into the power grids so as to diversify the energy mix.

In 2015 India set itself the ambitious goal of generating 175 gigawatts of renewable energy by 2022, including 100 gigawatts from photovoltaic systems. The electricity generated in the newly built plants does, however, need to be transmitted to the load despatch centres, and the grid must absorb this new and widely fluctuating source of power in the best possible way. Also, India aims to improve energy efficiency/emission intensity of GDP by 33-35% by 2030 from 2005 level.


The conditions for integrating renewable energy into the grid and usage of energy efficiently, improved and PAT II cycle has more designated consumers.

India. Train crossing


GIZ is implementing the Indo-German Energy Programme on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), coordinating activities with KfW Development Bank and working together with the Indian partners. The programme promotes measures to improve energy efficiency and integrate renewable energy into the grid.

To enhance energy efficiency, the programme is primarily supporting the government’s efforts to launch and roll out its energy efficiency certification scheme for large-scale industries.

In terms of integrating renewable energies into the grid, the programme aims to achieve the following results:

  • improved market mechanisms and regulations for feeding renewables into the grid are available;
  • the technical and institutional requirements for integrating renewable energies into the grid are met in selected states, regions and at national level;
  • staff working in the load despatch centres in selected states, regions and at national level are more skilled in integrating renewables into the grid.


The previous programme ran from 2003 to 2015, achieved a number of results, including the following:

  • Energy efficiency labelling for household appliances and energy-intensive machinery and equipment was promoted and has now reached an advanced stage.
  • More than 10,000 professionals passed the necessary examinations for certification as energy managers and auditors.
  • The private sector now invests over EUR 400 million annually to implement energy efficiency measures. So far, this has resulted in annual energy savings of EUR 300 million.
  • The world’s first baseline for calculating the CO2 emission factor was devised for the Indian power grid with the help of the programme.
  • Documentation and performance verification was carried out for 85 thermal power plants in the public sector, indicating a potential saving of 6.92 million tonnes of coal per year.