Egyptian-German Joint Committee on Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency and Environmental Protection
Title: Egyptian-German Joint Committee on Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency and Environmental Protection (JCEE)
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (MoERE)
Overall term: 2019 to 2023
The energy sector in Egypt is undergoing radical change. Work in recent years has resulted in the country generating surplus power. The demand for energy is however increasing rapidly and the planned removal of subsidies by 2022, high electricity losses and low energy efficiency are a burden on public consumers and private households. Furthermore, a modernised, flexible and reliable electric power system requires new institutional structures.
Besides ensuring a secure energy supply, enhanced energy efficiency is considered one of the key solutions to the challenges of growing energy consumption. National strategies and action plans are therefore being implemented in Egypt with the specific aim of promoting energy efficiency in all areas. The efforts revolve around the National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP), which sets out the institutional, financial and reporting obligations.
Egypt offers considerable potential for the use of renewable energy, which can contribute significantly to the country’s energy supply and can reduce dependence on fossil fuels. By 2022, the Government of Egypt aims to generate 20 per cent of its entire energy supply from renewable sources. Renewable energy not only reduces energy import risks but also improves the country’s carbon balance. There are a range of financing models for the promotion of renewable energy, mainly solar and wind power.
As Egypt assumes greater responsibility in the climate regime, the national climate policy gains importance. Numerous nationwide approaches and projects in the field of climate protection are being promoted and will ultimately benefit the entire country.
The operational framework for reducing CO2 intensity in electricity generation and consumption is improved.
The Egyptian-German Joint Committee on Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency and Environmental Protection (JCEE) has two primary tasks.
Firstly, it functions as the secretariat of the High-Level Joint Committee (HLJC), a platform for high-level policy dialogue between Germany and Egypt in the energy sector. At the HLJC meetings, which are normally held once a year, stakeholders from Egypt and Germany come together for a day to discuss policy-related developments in Egypt’s energy system. Committee members include several ministries such as MoERE, as well as downstream and subordinate agencies, including the New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA), the Egyptian Electric Utility and Consumer Protection Regulatory Agency (EgyptERA), selected electricity distribution companies (DISCOs), and many more. Five German ministries are HLJC members: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi), the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the Federal Foreign Office (AA).
Secondly, JCEE and its partners implement a number of activities in the five fields of action: NEEAP, advisory services for distribution grids, energy efficiency technologies, sustainable energy and climate protection, and renewable energy. JCEE’s primary aim here is to strengthen the partner and member institutions. The project also continues to develop the technical, planning and management skills of the staff. The institutions are supported in the form of procedural, organisational and technical advisory services. Events and open discussions are organised in order to boost successful cooperation between the individual actors. Not least, JCEE offers the ministries wide-ranging policy advice on implementing the national strategies in the energy sector. The aim of the activities is to introduce pilot measures that can be easily measured. The activities are supported by awareness-raising and educational campaigns to increase acceptance of climate-friendly measures overall.
JCEE is paving the way for sustainable energy infrastructure in Egypt, while helping to cope with global challenges, such as a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. High levels of energy efficiency mean affordable electricity bills and a smaller ecological footprint.
The renewable energy sector also creates a number of secure jobs. National programmes to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy that have been developed by experts and Egyptian institutions are a strong foundation for achieving these results.