Sustainable Urban Transportation Improvement Project
Title: Sustainable Urban Transportation Improvement Project (SUTIP)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Indonesian Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS)
Overall term: 2009 to 2016
Most of Indonesia’s larger cities face transport-related problems, ranging from worsening congestion and a growing number of road accidents to sustained noise pollution and high levels of greenhouse gas emissions. Health risks for urban residents and public spaces that are effectively unusable on foot are the result. These factors all reduce the quality of life in Indonesian cities. Furthermore, the productivity lost, the damage to health and the wasting of fuel all stand in the way of the country’s economic development. Technical solutions are available, but to put them into effect interventions are needed at a number of levels. Political will is required, as is a clear legal framework. The institutions involved must make better use of their resources, while building up the capacities they need. The different actors must improve their cooperation and coordination. Finally, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, funding will need to be available at the operative level.
Environmentally sound, climate-friendly and energy-efficient transport planning systems are operating in Indonesian cities.
The project takes a dual approach with the aim of contributing to the sustainable development of the country and improving the quality of urban life.
- Support for the Indonesian Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS). In collaboration with the partner ministry, the project is working to improve the policy framework for the introduction of climate-friendly mobility (strategies, guidelines, five-year planning). Proposals and approaches are developed and undergo intensive discussion before being adopted. The project also provides advice to the urban transport department of the national Ministry of Transportation on drafting and implementing key documents.
- Support for selected cities. The project is working in four cities of Java and Sumatra (Bogor, Surakarta, Yogyakarta and Palembang) and two agglomeration areas (Greater Bandung and Denpasar) to integrate national guidelines into municipal transport plans. Action plans are being implemented for the sustainable development of transport. The public bus system is undergoing restructuring and initial concepts for transport demand management (TDM) and for non-motorised transport are being introduced, each adapted to the prevailing conditions in the respective cities.
Results achieved so far
- Through the project’s support for a revised national transport policy, a range of different proposals and approaches have been intensively discussed and subsequently adopted. Planning and the initial interventions at local level comply with the principles of sustainable urban mobility.
- Action plans have been prepared for the transport systems of the four partner cities. These have been discussed and shared with the relevant local authorities and institutions in order to ensure better cooperation and coordination for their implementation.
- In collaboration with the transport authorities, planning offices and transport operators of the partner cities, the project has developed concepts and operational plans for bus rapid transit (BRT) systems, which are now also being implemented. As a result, there are now significantly more buses on the roads in these cities.
- Transport demand management measures have been introduced, and are now undergoing revision. These measures have been adapted to the specific circumstances of the different cities. Particular progress has been made in parking management and the use of motorbikes has been restricted.
- One of the declared aims of all the partner cities is to make themselves more pedestrian-friendly. The project has carried out planning and support activities for the measures they are undertaking to achieve this. A number of streets and urban districts now have improved pavements, and the significance of pedestrian zones is better appreciated. More people now travel on foot, and the quality of life has generally risen in these cities.
- The project has prepared strategies and carried out initial planning for the construction of a new station in Bogor. This is based on transit-oriented development (TOD) principles that encourage urban development centred on pedestrians and cyclists, as well as access to public transport systems.