Social protection (SPP)
Title: Social protection programme (SPP)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Indonesian Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS)
Overall term: 2016 to 2018
Reforms to the social protection system rank high on the Indonesian Government's political agenda and are firmly embedded in the 2015-2019 National Medium-Term Development Plan. This policy area constitutes an important cornerstone for long-term economic growth and social cohesion along the lines of a social market economy.
Despite major progress over the last four years, large sections of the population, such as the poor, people with disabilities and other vulnerable groups, still lack sufficient access to social protection. The system itself has serious shortcomings, not only in terms of how people access it but also with respect to the scope and quality of the services provided. Furthermore, funding for the system has not been secured on a sustainable basis.
The social protection system in Indonesia is improved.
The programme team is assisting the Indonesian National Council on Social Welfare (INCSW) and the statutory health insurance company to extend the statutory health cover introduced in 2014 to those population groups that are not yet insured and to ensure the system’s financial sustainability.
Other activities include advice for the Ministry of Social Affairs which is in the process of professionalising and expanding the national social assistance programme for poor families. Furthermore, the team is also assisting this ministry to roll out organisational reform, pilot electronic cash transfers and introduce e-learning for social workers.
Another area in which the programme is advising the Ministry of Social Affairs concerns ways of getting people with disabilities into work. The team’s special focus here is on vocational training and labour market inclusion. Furthermore, the statutory pensions and accident insurer is also receiving assistance with a programme targeting the workplace reintegration of people who have suffered occupational injuries.
Results achieved so far
Thanks to programme support and to the achievements of the project that went before, INCSW was able to draw up a national health insurance strategy which it coordinated with all the relevant institutions. Accorded a high political status, this strategy provided the basis for the launch of the world's largest contributions-financed statutory health insurance system at the start of 2014 that aims to provide comprehensive health insurance for the entire population by 2019.
With the programme's support, Indonesia’s largest social transfer programme achieved a six-fold increase in the number of recipients. In 2011, just one million poor families benefited from the programme but by 2016 the figure had risen to 6 million.
In collaboration with BBRVBD Cibinong, the programme was able to develop new curricula designed to give students with disabilities a better start on the job market. As an initial step towards establishing a return-to-work programme for victims of occupational accidents, the project worked with the German Social Accident Insurance company (Deutsche Gesetzliche Unfallversicherung) to train the first two internationally certified case managers for the workplace reintegration of people with disabilities. Furthermore, the programme supported the formulation of a national inclusion strategy whose implementation is coordinated jointly by BAPPENAS and the Ministry of Social Affairs.
The importance of social protection and the way it is perceived in Indonesia have changed considerably thanks to the programme's support.