Managing Water Scarcity in Jordan

Project description

Title: Management of Water Resources II
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)​​​​​​​
Country: Jordan
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Water and Irrigation
Overall term: 2019 to 2022


Jordan is one of the driest countries in the world. Water resources per person are less than 60 cubic metres per year, which is far below the international water poverty line. The pressure on available resources is increasing due to a growing population, the large number of Syrian refugees, and the effects of climate change which has altered both rain patterns and average temperatures. Groundwater resources have been overused for some decades, leaving supplies perilously uncertain.

The water sector institutions' long-term planning does not fully address issues such as the availability of resources and changes in demand, making it harder for them to allocate resources optimally. At the same time, the companies who supply water and treat wastewater are struggling to maintain their service delivery levels and ensure the continuity of their operations.


The three state water institutions are controlling the management of limited water resources more effectively.

The GIZ Water Portfolio in Jordan


The project assists Jordan's water institutions by determining the optimal use of resources and by implementing institutional reforms. This complements other related projects that support water sector institutions on a technical level. The approach is based on four main components:

  • The National Water Master Plan and Water Resources Allocation Modelling helps to improve water supply planning for the different sectors and restructure the supply infrastructure to ensure water supply security in the future.
  • The Water Sector Reform supports several sector reform activities, such as the newly established Utility Performance Monitoring Unit. It was established to monitor the water companies in charge of water and wastewater services. Improving monitoring and accountability will have a positive impact on performance and ensure the continuous and efficient delivery of quality services to customers.
  • Through the identification of concrete options, studies, joint preparation of tender documents, as well as knowledge building, the integration of the private sector in the operation of water supply and wastewater treatment utilities is being promoted.
  • Human Resources Development & Leadership focuses on the cross-cutting issue of improving human resources management through implementing capacity development measures and enhancing leadership skills in the sector.

Last update: November 2021