Strengthening the vocational training System
Title: Strengthening the TVET System
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Planning and Economic Development
Overall term: 2012 to 2016
Since it began gradually opening up politically and economically in 2011, Myanmar has faced the challenge of having to lay the foundations for sustained economic development. Impressive evidence of the pace of reforms and the opening of the economy includes the growth in direct investments from abroad, privatisation schemes and the creation of industrial parks and special economic zones.
However, the state-run vocational education and training institutions are no longer able to meet the demand for adequately trained, skilled workers. Their training content and the methods they use no longer serve the needs of a modern economy. Moreover, the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system lacks an appropriate legal and institutional foundation. It is therefore important to introduce and improve strategies, processes and capacities for designing vocational training at all levels of the system, in close cooperation with the private sector.
TVET in Myanmar is better able to meet the needs of a growing economy.
Building on the cooperation that existed in the 1980s, this project supports the Ministry of Industry’s Industrial Training Center (ITC) in Sinde in the introduction and implementation of needs-based vocational training. Furthermore, the ITC Sinde is to be developed into a training centre for teachers and instructors from all the ITCs under the Ministry of Industry. As a future centre of excellence, the ITC Sinde will not only provide training for teachers, it will also develop new training courses for use in all the other ITCs.
The project also provides organisational advice and related pilot measures to assist the National Skill Standards Authority (NSSA) in fulfilling its mandate more effectively. The authority is responsible for developing national occupational standards, and for testing and certifying the skills acquired by vocational students.
Together with the Ministry of Labour, Industry, Science and Technology, and with the private sector, the project is developing a vocational education strategy tailored to the needs of the labour market. This includes a National Education Plan and a TVET Law. The project also coordinates the Sector Working Group Employment Opportunities, which includes representatives of the ministries with a stake in vocational training, and which seeks to promote dialogue with members of the private sector and civil society.
Since the project advises representatives both of the ministries and of the vocational schools, those partners are able to collaborate in developing and testing innovative concepts for technical and vocational education and training and for introducing them into the reform process of Myanmar’s TVET system.
The quality of training at the training centres under the Ministry of Industry, particularly the ITC Sinde, has improved due to the newly introduced teaching materials and equipment, and because of the training available to teachers and instructors in technical and pedagogical subjects. The National Skill Standard Authority has also developed further. It has devised assessment and certification criteria for occupational skills, and has tested six occupational skill standards in practice.
With these, it has now certified the level-1 skills of some 120 young people. The work has now started of documenting necessary organisational units and the respective processes to introduce them nationwide. These activities go hand-in-hand with advice provided to the ministries on developing a national TVET Law, the draft of which is to be submitted to Parliament at the beginning of 2015.