Education Sector Development Programme in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Programme description

Title: Education Sector Development Programme in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Pakistan
Lead executing agency: Elementary & Secondary Education Department (E&SED)
Overall term: 2008 to 2015

Children in a primary school near Peshawar © GIZ

Context

In Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province (KPK) – formerly the North-West Frontier Province - one in two adults cannot read or write. Some 70 per cent of all women are illiterate. There are still too few schools and classrooms to cope with children enrolled for public sector education. In addition there are often great distances to travel to school, which is time consuming and unsafe, particularly for girls. The education available is generally poor in quality and in relevance. Parents are not yet actively involved in school improvement processes.

Objective

Girls and boys in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province receive a basic education of improved quality, and oriented to the provision of life skills.

Approach

The programme provides technical advisory services for the planning and management of education. It also conducts capacity development measures to underpin curriculum reforms. In this respect, it provides teaching and learning materials, as well as training, professional supervision and support for teachers. The programme’s activities in various institutions are linked horizontally, and are coordinated between the different levels of intervention. This ensures a holistic approach that will improve the overall system, thereby enhancing service delivery at school, district and province levels.

The programme assists its partner institutions in:

  • strengthening capacities at provincial and district levels for evidence-based planning, monitoring and decision-making, based on credible, gender disaggregated data derived from the Education Management Information System (EMIS);
  • implementing a comprehensive and systematic capacity development strategy, which should help them achieve the targets of the Education Sector Plan;
  • enhancing the quality of teaching and learning materials as well as the performance of teachers and head teachers in school.

These areas of intervention are interlinked to make the schools more effective. Co-financers of the project are the European Union, the Netherlands and Australia (DFAT). As such, the programme activities are carried out in close cooperation with the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) and the EU.

The main instruments used are technical expertise, process and policy advice and training. To a lesser extent, the programme also provides equipment and other materials needed to achieve the objectives.

Results

The Education Sector Plan and the Capacity Development Strategy were approved by the Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in 2010. Both of these instruments are of high strategic importance. They also provide a platform for donor coordination for better aid effectiveness.

The Education Management Information System (EMIS) has improved the implementation of educational policies as well as monitoring and quality controls. Moreover, the Education Spatial Decision Support System provides web based access to current and past EMIS statistics and increases their applicability and efficiency. This enhances the partner’s capacities to carry out better planning, implementation, monitoring and quality controls of educational policies at provincial and district levels.

A new concept of school-based, integrated, in-service teacher training and supervision was piloted in 2010-11 and later scaled up to run in three full districts. This concept introduced innovative professional development measures in the area of in-service teacher training to improve the quality of teaching and learning using the new competence-based and student-centred curriculum. In all, some 3,500 primary school teachers (including 1,500 women) and 68 district school officials (32 women) have benefited from this training. The concept is being up-scaled by the government to other districts of the province from 2016.

The Leadership and Management training programme for school heads piloted in 2011, was systematically revised based on the feedback of the participants and finalised in 2014. A total of 85 secondary school heads (36 women) of 5 districts of KP were trained on the latest management approaches and techniques to improve governance at school level. An integrated training approach on similar lines developed for primary school heads is being implemented by the government.

In Addition, the programme is also working for improving the quality of textbooks and learning materials. As a result, improved textbooks for the new curriculum were developed which are in use in primary, secondary and higher secondary classes.