Promotion of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Programme (PREEEP)
Title: Promotion of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Programme (PREEEP)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development (MEMD)
Overall term: 2019 to 2023
Uganda is richly endowed with natural resources. In terms of energy, the country has abundant biomass, including large quantities of non-woody biomass, as well as peat and water resources. It also enjoys ideal solar, geothermal and wind energy potential. Water and biomass make the biggest contributions to the energy demands of Uganda’s population. The unsustainable use of the available resources has, however, left the country with an inadequate supply of energy. This situation is aggravated by often inefficient use of energy.
The programme is helping increase the electricity production from renewable energy sources and improving access to renewable and clean energy as well as its efficiency and supply.
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH is implementing this programme on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Ugandan Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development (MEMD). Financing is also provided by BMZ’s German Climate Technology Fund (DKTI), the Dutch-German-Norwegian-British-Swedish-Swiss partnership Energising Development (EnDev), Department for International Development (DFID), the European Union (EU), the German Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and the BMZ Special Initiative for Refugees. The Energy Programme currently consists of six commissions:
- Promotion of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Programme (PREEEP): PREEEP supports strategies to increase access to clean energy in rural and peri-urban areas. This entails support to a coherent policy framework, improvement of market development, skills development for technicians as well as the mainstreaming of energy at the district level.
- Pro-Mini Grids: The programme is promoting the use of mini-grids for rural electrification. The ‘Pro Mini-Grids’ project supports the Government of Uganda in improving the framework conditions for mini-grids investments with the private sector. During its timeframe, a total of 40 solar mini-grids will be installed, 25 in Northern Uganda and 15 in Southern Uganda. It further supports Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) for solar and mini-grid technicians.
- Energising Development: EnDev Uganda supports market development and improved framework conditions for increasing access to sustainable energy for households, social institutions and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in urban and rural areas. The support to companies and other stakeholders improves access to improved cook stoves and solar power for lighting and domestic appliances, social institutions and SMEs. Additionally, with DFID financing, EnDev has piloted market-based approaches for refugees and host communities in Arua.
- GBE: Through the GBE (Grüne Bürgerenergie) project in Uganda, the programme seeks to improve access to decentralised renewable energy systems for farmers, enterprises, cooperatives and social institutions in rural areas, strengthen skills development and promote investment into decentralised renewable technologies.
- Energy Supply in Displacement Settings (ESDS): Through ESDS, support will be extended to MEMD, UNHCR and OPM to improve framework conditions for the implementation of sustainable, market-oriented approaches for improved access to sustainable energy for refugees and hosting communities. This includes cooking energy and quality solar products for households and social institutions as evidence for broader scale-up. UNHCR will receive support for greening their base camp operations by replacing diesel generators with solar systems.
- Global Carbon Markets: The programme is also implementing a climate change project on behalf of BMU, promoting the participation of Uganda and the East African region in carbon markets. It cooperates with national institutions, such as the Climate Change Department within Ministry of Water and Environment to develop innovative and effective climate policy frameworks, provides advice and training on current carbon market approaches to policy makers, and works with private sector organisations, supporting their efforts to develop green projects.
The programme has contributed to the policy framework by supporting the development of the Energy Policy of 2002 and its ongoing review. Through the mainstreaming approach at the district Level, all 17 pilot districts have planned for clean energy in the District Development Plans and 14 DLGs integrated energy in annual work plans and budgets. Furthermore, a Geographic Information System (GIS) has been established as well as a statistical data-base for the sector. Regarding Energy Efficiency, PREEEP supported certification of 35 energy auditors, conducted energy management trainings for close to 100 SMEs and 40 energy audits. This resulted in a 29 per cent increase of large and medium consumers applying energy management systems and a 30per cent reduction in energy consumption in the cement sector.
By mid-2019, more than 800,000 households had benefited from EnDev’s support to promote the use of improved household cooking stoves and 100,000 people from access to solar power for lighting and domestic appliances. Over 2,700 SMEs gained access to modern energy services and 800 social institutions such as schools and health centres. Additionally, two refugee kiosks have been set up to enable refugees and host communities access affordable and quality renewable energy and energy efficient products. These interventions contribute to mitigation of carbon emissions to a tune of 61,737 tonnes of CO2 annually which reduces the negative impact of climate change.
As part of the efforts to increase rural electrification, the programme has selected two developers through a reverse tender process with the Rural Electrification Agency for the set-up of the 40 solar mini grids. Under its TVET activities, the programme has established a state-of-the-art Renewable Energy Training Centre equipped with training equipment for solar and mini-grid technicians, and set-up a certified curriculum jointly with the Cologne Chamber of Skilled Crafts and Small businesses (Handwerkskammer zu Köln, HWK) and Nakawa Vocational Training Institute (VTI) for training of such technicians. By mid-2019, more than 250 solar technicians had been trained.
In June 2019, the East African Alliance on Carbon Markets and Climate Finance was launched. The Alliance provides a platform for the East African region to promote a more coordinated sub regional approach towards carbon markets and climate finance. Support has also been rendered in the development of the Ugandan Climate Change Bill which has been approved by the Cabinet of Uganda. In addition, climate change focal officials across relevant ministries were also trained and facilitated to participate in international climate change negotiations.