Food security and development of agricultural markets
Many years of conflict have left South Sudan unable to guarantee food security for its population. In February 2017, five million people in South Sudan were at severe risk of food insecurity, and 100,000 of them were threatened by famine. The country lacks functioning domestic markets and agricultural extension services. Since the renewed outbreak of civil war in 2013, 2.3 million South Sudanese have fled the fighting, of whom 1.7 million are internally displaced.
Food security is improved for households at risk in selected regions of South Sudan.
The project supports the efforts of smallholder farmers to improve their production of the chief staple foods and vegetables. They learn about and try out ways of reducing post-harvest losses and diversifying their produce.
At the same time, steps are being taken to enhance professionalism in the smallholder sector. The project focuses on improving farmers’ basic business skills, and also provides financial assistance for small-scale enterprises and start-ups, strengthens market relations, and encourages more value creation in agricultural production. In addition, it is working to build or restore infrastructure such as warehouses and abattoirs. Young people are receiving training in craft trades. These measures are strengthening the viability of the rural economy.
The project also supports the establishment of savings and loan groups to increase social security, and the rehabilitation of wells to improve access to drinking water. It complements these activities with awareness-raising and education campaigns on improved hygiene and the nutritious preparation and storage of food. Moreover, by providing special food supplements for children and pregnant women in cooperation with the organisations Action Against Hunger and Première Urgence International, the project is reducing malnourishment in infants below the age of five.
GIZ is running the project in seven of South Sudan’s ten states on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). Cofinancing is provided by the Delegation of the European Union to South Sudan, the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) and the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).
- The promotion of value chains for food security as a means of developing a market-responsive agricultural sector has now been incorporated into South Sudan’s agricultural strategy.
- New coordination structures between private and public decision-makers are used as a platform for developing value chains.
- A branch of the Eastern African Grain Council has been established in South Sudan, which now offers agricultural extension services.
- The Harvesting the Future and Seeds for Peace programmes, being implemented for GIZ by the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), support 123,000 smallholders in producing seed, and supply 162,000 internally displaced people with locally produced seed and small agricultural implements.
- On behalf of the project, Welthungerhilfe is providing 70,000 people with agricultural training, and supplying them with seed, tree seedlings and energy efficient stoves.
- The productive infrastructure is being improved with the construction or repair of four abattoirs, 12 warehouses, two marketplaces and several small-scale irrigation systems.
- To date, 110 deep-well boreholes have been rehabilitated and access to drinking water has been improved for 44,500 people.
- Treatment has been provided for some 12,000 individuals – children under five, and pregnant or nursing mothers – suffering from severe or moderately acute malnutrition, and some of them have received dietary supplements.