Cooperative Technical and Vocational Education and Training (cTVET)
Title: Cooperative Technical and Vocational Education and Training (cTVET)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Co – financier: Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Labour and Social Protection
Overall term: 2019 to 2022
Thanks to high foreign investment in the mining sector, Mongolia's economy has experienced a rapid growth in the last decade, up to 17 per cent of the GDP. But the lack of skilled workers is becoming the major constraint of Mongolia’s continual economic growth. At the same time, figures for youth unemployment are concerning high at 18.8 per cent among males and 20.2 per cent among females. Additionally, most young people prefer to study at a university instead of basing their career on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET).
Despite extensive efforts by the Mongolian government to improve TVET in the last few years, the quality of TVET is still inadequate. Reasons for this include the lack of practical and inadequate theoretical teacher training, the absence of management skills, inadequate problem-solving practices in training and the lack of implementation of quality assurance processes. Also, the involvement of industry needs in the design and implementation of TVET is essential. Only 55 per cent of TVET graduates find job placement.
TVET is still the sector that receives the lowest level of funding in comparison with other education sectors. The financing of TVET has so far not been geared to the requirements of quality TVET, which is limiting further improvement of the sector.
The performance of TVET in technical fields has been sustainably improved.
The “Cooperative Technical and Vocational Education and Training” (cTVET) project builds on the results of “Cooperative Vocational Training in the Mineral Resource Sector” (CVT) project implemented between 2013 – 2019, to further support the sustainable development of TVET sector in Mongolia.
The cTVET project supports the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection in the sustainable development of 7 TVET Capacity Development Centres (CDCs) and related framework in all regions throughout Mongolia (West, east, central, south and Ulaanbaatar). Additionally, the project supports the establishment of pre-service and in-service qualification systems for TVET teachers.
Capacity Development Centres
In order to provide TVET based on industry needs reflecting international standards, seven TVET schools will be developed into CDCs, also known as a “Centre of Excellence”. The CDCs will offer high-quality training in selected trades such as industrial mechanics, welding, mechatronics, electrics-electronics, auto mechatronics, carpentry and construction. They will act as multipliers and innovators in the TVET system in Mongolia. On top of offering high quality trainings to students, CDCs will provide training for TVET teachers from other TVET schools, skills-upgrading courses for workers from industry, short term skills training for unemployed people and act as skills assessment centre as well as a preparation facility for World Skills Competition participants. International development advisors are placed at the CDCs to train, coach and advise TVET teachers and management.
For the TVET institutions to function as CDC it also requires a systematic development of organisational capacities. The establishment of effective quality management mechanisms, where conducive support through digital solutions, will be supported through the project. The integration of digitalisation in this regard will improve the professional exchange between CDCs as well as increase the broader application of modern training concepts and digital media.
Another advisory area is the efficient use of funds in CDCs and the regulatory framework for anchoring CDCs in the Mongolian TVET system. The Ministry of Labour and Social Protection (MLSP) and CDCs will be supported in calculating the actual costs of high-quality training and developing sustainable financing mechanisms for CDCs, including the regulation of income-generating measures to improve the quality of training continuously. The related stakeholders will be capacitated to implement needs-based TVET budget allocation and more effective and efficient usage of resources.
TVET teacher development
Competent and motivated TVET teachers are the key to provide high-quality training. In that regard, TVET teachers of CDCs and other TVET schools will be systematically further trained to enhance practical vocational skills as well as pedagogical and applied didactical skills. Additionally, the qualification of in-company trainers will contribute to an enhanced quality of internships in companies interlinked with the training in CDCs. The Ministry of Labour and Social Protection will be supported in the development of a systematic and institutionally anchored pre-service and in-service qualification system for TVET teacher development. The newly designed initial and further training packages for TVET teachers will be piloted. Through an improved practice-oriented training of TVET staff and the continuous provision of qualified personnel for TVET schools, it can be expected that the quality of TVET provision is improving.