Cooperative Vocational Training in the Mineral Resource Sector
Title: Cooperative Vocational Training in the Mineral Resource Sector
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Mongolian Ministry of Labour and Social Protection
Overall term: 2016 to 2019
By 2018 at least 40,000 additional technical staff will be required in Mongolia’s mineral resource sector and in the upstream and downstream industries, particularly in electrical, construction and mechanical occupations. The training market is currently unable to satisfy this need in terms of either quality or quantity. Young people who have completed their education at state and private vocational schools are frequently unable to find employment due to inadequate qualifications, because in many cases the training provided by vocational schools is not adapted to workplace needs. Many young people decide to go on to university rather than take up technical vocational training. At present there are some 170,000 university students whereas only about 45,000 students are registered at vocational schools.
Apart from that there are no qualification programmes in the Mongolian vocational training sector for older job-seekers without formal vocational training. Furthermore school-leavers and job-applicants do not receive the necessary guidance and orientation to choose the right training and occupations.
The institutional and human resource prerequisites for sustainable and inclusive economic growth based on mineral resources are improved, as is the employability of the rural and urban population in Mongolia.
Since March 2013 the project has been supporting the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection and selected vocational training facilities in Mongolia in improving formal, technical vocational training and in establishing a cooperative approach between the state, the private sector and civil society.
A co-financing arrangement by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) makes it possible to extend the action areas to include short-term training and career guidance measures and to expand the project geographically. Additional co-financing by the Australian Government’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) supports activities in South Gobi province, including a partnership with an Australian Technical and Further Education (TAFE) Institution.
The project is implementing a number of demand-driven advisory and training measures for actors at various levels:
- Supporting the development of competency-based curricula, teaching and learning resources in the qualifications of electrical engineering, mechanics and construction.
- Enhancing the qualifications of vocational education and career guidance staff through human capacity development (HCD) measures in Germany and Mongolia and by placing development advisors in schools.
- Providing supplementary equipment for workshops at vocational schools
- Supporting the establishment of cooperation structures between training establishments, the private sector and civil society
- Introducing a system of in-company instructors
- Promoting the image of vocational training and supporting Mongolia’s participation in the WorldSkills competition.
- Providing advice to the Government on reforming vocational training and career guidance
- Piloting vocational training courses at technician level, short-term qualification measures and vocational guidance services to vocational schools
As the majority of students in technical vocational training and education programmes at the vocational schools are currently male, special priority is accorded to integrating girls and women. Furthermore the project supports the integration of people with disabilities.
As of September 2014, five new initial vocational training curricula which strongly emphasise practical skills have been used successfully in the partner schools to train technicians in the qualifications of industrial electronics, industrial mechanics, heating, ventilating, air conditioning and sanitary, construction carpentry and building construction. In addition, the curricula are suitable for use on short-term courses. GIZ development advisors advise schools on implementing the new training courses and support the involvement of the private sector. To support effective implementation, the pilot schools received supplementary equipment and tools. The measures will provide students at vocational schools with demand-driven training.
More than 200 specialist teachers and school management staff from Mongolia have received continuing education in Europe and in Mongolia. In addition to continuing education in technical practice, other focal points were the methodology and didactics of vocational training.
Local specialist staff support the vocational schools in networking with social partners and setting up school boards. They also offer vocational guidance in the vocational schools. Along with staff from other vocational guidance establishments, they have been trained in gender-sensitive career guidance.
A system of in-company instructors is being introduced. With advisory input from the project, a working group comprising actors from the vocational training sector, the private sector, associations and the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection is developing a system for training in-company instructors.
Actors from industry, the state and civil society support the founding of the Vocational Education and Training Partnership (VETP), a non-governmental organisation. The VETP promotes the harmonisation of activities as well as knowledge management in the vocational training sector. A GIZ development advisor is advising the VETP on organisational development. Another development advisor is advising the Mongolian Material Science and Welding Society on a competence centre for welding technology that the Society is establishing.
In 2014 Mongolia became the 69th member country of the WorldSkills International association. In collaboration with the Korean Development Agency KOICA, the project assisted the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection with the admission process. With the support of the project and in collaboration with the vocational schools, in summer 2014 the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection organised the MongolianSkills competition. At these nationwide skills championships, the national team was selected for the next WorldSkills World Championship 2015 in Brazil. The high-profile effects of these competitions boost the image of vocational training in Mongolia noticeably.