Public administration reform

Programme description

Title: Strengthening reform initiatives in the public administration
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Egypt
Lead executing agencies: Ministry of International Cooperation (MoIC), Ministry of Planning, Monitoring and Administrative Reform (MoPMAR), Central Agency for Organisation and Administration (CAOA), National Council for Human Rights (NCHR)
Overall term: 2016 to 2019

Since the popular uprising in 2011, Egypt has been facing major socio-political, economic and societal challenges. These are accompanied by high expectations among the people for comprehensive re-forms of state structures and processes. Above all, the citizens are demanding a more efficient public administration, as well as stronger protection and promotion of human rights.

Modernising the human resource management is one of the top priorities with respect to reforming the public administration. While the wages of the approximately seven million civil servants account for a quarter of state expenditure, the civil service is regarded as being inefficient, lacking in transparency and having poor service orientation. With the Administrative Reform Strategy and the Egypt Vision 2030, the government has initiated a comprehensive programme to pursue the necessary reforms. However, the responsible institutions lack the technical, organisational and management capacities they need to implement these reforms successfully across the public administration.

Although respect for human rights is firmly enshrined in Egypt’s 2014 constitution, many of these rights have yet to be translated into national legislation or government practice. Established in 2003, the National Council for Human Rights (NCHR) is the key state institution for the protection and promotion of human rights in Egypt, and it acts as a bridge between citizens, civil society and the government. However, the NCHR is not yet in a position to fulfil its mandate for monitoring and documenting human rights violations, advising the Egyptian Government on policies and legislation, and fostering greater awareness about human rights.

Selected public institutions perform their roles more effectively and in a manner more closely oriented to people’s needs.

GIZ supports the Ministry of Planning, Monitoring and Administrative Reform (MoPMAR) and the Central Agency for Organisation and Administration (CAOA) in introducing an efficient human resources management system in the public administration. The partner institutions have piloted new structures and processes, both in-house and in four additional public institutions. With the support of GIZ, they are now sharing their experience in order to reform human resources management throughout the entire public administration. This includes, for example, introducing a performance-based career development system as well as clearly defined responsibilities and procedures.

The project supports efforts by the National Council for Human Rights (NCHR) to promote greater awareness of human rights, both among the population and within the public institutions, using improved outreach and information campaigns. It also supports the NCHR’s involvement in regional and international exchanges of knowledge and experience, and assists the Council in improving the effectiveness and transparency of its complaints mechanism for human rights violations, as well as the access to that mechanism. Moreover, GIZ is providing institutional development measures for selected departments, as well as training in technical and organisational skills for NCHR staff.


Tobias Thiel