Nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMA)
Title: Creation of an overarching framework for nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) and measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) in Viet Nam
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)
Country: Viet Nam
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE)
Overall term: 2014 to 2018
Viet Nam is one of the fastest growing economies of South East Asia. Unfortunately, its pursuit of economic growth is closely linked to rising greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which are forecast to triple in the country by 2030. At the same time, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has listed Viet Nam, with its exceptionally long coastline, as one of the countries most severely affected by climate change. Climate change is therefore a crucial issue for the country.
Against this backdrop, the Vietnamese Government also wants to make a meaningful contribution to international climate policy. As such, it is pursuing its own nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs), in line with the country's development priorities. These actions will make an active contribution to Viet Nam’s transition to a sustainable, low-carbon economy, and they can provide a number of co-benefits. These include for example improvements in public health thanks to a reduction in traffic pollution and increasing rural electrification due to the growth of renewable energy use. The NAMAs should meet international standards for measurement, reporting and verification (MRV).
The government has committed itself to launching several NAMAs in specific sectors over the next five years, with the support of development partners. It is also planning to introduce a national MRV system to track the emission reductions of the new measures and identify their impacts. At the same time, this will help establish an extensive and standardised process for prioritising emissions reduction strategies and measures, while also determining a basic baseline scenario.
Viet Nam is developing and implementing bankable NAMAs which are tracked by a robust MRV system. The country’s position in international climate negotiations is strengthened.
The project supports Viet Nam’s efforts to achieve its ambitious climate goals with activities in four main areas:
- Establishing a national coordination body for NAMAs as part of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE). This body will also provide advice on the development and implementation of NAMAs.
- Identifying and developing two NAMAs that are ‘bankable’ (i.e. attractive to private investors), and producing general guidelines on NAMA development and implementation.
- Developing a national system for measurement, reporting and verification of GHG emissions, including an integrated MRV system for sector-specific NAMAs.
- Strengthening the negotiating capacities of the Vietnamese delegation to the international climate change negotiations.
In addition, with extra funding from a GIZ global project, the project is assisting Viet Nam in developing an ambitious INDC (intended nationally determined contribution) for the new international climate agreement. Above all, it provides technical support for the formulation of the mitigation component of the INDC. As part of this, national and international experts are analysing data in four areas: waste, energy, agriculture and land use, land use change and forestry.
The team will identify mitigation options for the period up to 2030, in line with socio-economic factors for the four sectors. This will contribute to the definition of the INDC.
To date, the project has conducted a number of studies, and has organised workshops, training events, a study tour and additional capacity development measures. The beneficiaries include the Viet Nam Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate Change (IMHEN), the Department of Meteorology, Hydrology, Environment and Climate Change (DMHCC) and the International Cooperation Department of MONRE. Moreover, numerous state agencies, line ministries, development partners, investors, cooperation partners, provinces and sectors are benefiting indirectly from the measures.