Special programme for refugees in South Sudan

Project description

Title: Special Programme Refugees South Sudan
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: South Sudan
Overall term: 2014 to 2016

Context

Since December 2013, there has been a civil war between government forces and rebels in South Sudan. There have been regular breaches of agreed ceasefires throughout the lengthy and intensive efforts to mediate and negotiate a peace settlement by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), a regional organisation of North African states. Even after the peace agreement of August 2015, the conflict between the two parties continues. Over two million South Sudanese have fled from the ravages of war to other parts of the country and to neighbouring states since mid-2014. The armed conflicts between rebel groups and the military, which have repeatedly flared up in various parts of the country, have led to serious disruptions in the provision of basic health care services, agricultural production and the distribution of food in South Sudan. Almost five years after the state was founded in 2011, it repeatedly faces humanitarian crises and probably further years of conflict.

The German Federal Government has committed itself to providing fast and effective aid to internally displaced persons (IDPs) in South Sudan and to South Sudanese refugees in the neighbouring countries of Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. Since GIZ has been able to operate with only a core team in South Sudan for security reasons, GIZ has made funding available to projects operated by the non-governmental organisations (NGOs) AMREF, Welthungerhilfe and VSF Germany.

Objective

The provision of basic needs and services for IDPs in South Sudan, South Sudanese refugees in the neighbouring countries of Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda, and the local population has improved.

Approach

The activities promoted by the German Federal Government under German development cooperation through Welthungerhilfe, VSF Germany and AMREF focus on food security, water supply, the fight against cholera and the provision of basic health services. These are to benefit IDPs in various conflict regions in South Sudan and in the receiving communities, and refugees in camps or refugee settlements outside the country. GIZ provides the NGOs with funding in the form of subsidies to carry out support services. It also coordinates the exchange of information with other refugee-related projects in the region. This includes the project launched in South Sudan and Kenya in 2015 as part of BMZ’s overarching special initiative entitled ‘Tackling the root causes of displacement, reintegrating refugees’, as well as other projects which have been partially refocused for crisis-related reasons to provide refugee support.

Results

Using the project’s funds, it has already been possible to reach almost one million people in need in South Sudan and the neighbouring countries by April 2016.

  • AMREF: Around 600,000 people have received medical care. Of these, over 80 per cent were women and children under five years of age. The care provided included preventive measures such as vaccinations and counselling for pregnant women, but also general medical treatment and operations.
  • Welthungerhilfe: Since mid-2014, over 278,000 IDPs in the northern crisis region of Unity State have been supplied with food on a monthly basis. Of these, 60 per cent were women. In addition, almost 63,000 people have been reached since mid-2014 in the north-western state of Northern Bahr el Ghazal. They were provided with rural water and sanitation services in the form of wells and communal toilets. They also received information on hygiene; soap and other articles were distributed. Over half of those benefiting from the support measures to date have been women.
  • VSF Germany: Support for households has resulted in the project reaching almost 55,000 people. These include 750 people in severe need, often households headed by women alone. 35 veterinary assistants, including 3 women, and 27 butchers received training. Almost half of those benefiting from the support measures were women or children.

Development of the Urban Water and Sanitation Sector

Project description

Title: Development of the Urban Water and Sanitation Sector in South Sudan 
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: South Sudan 
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation
Overall term: 2017 to 2019

South Sudan. The use of 35 household latrines has been successfully tested. © GIZ

Context

Decades of civil war have hampered development of the water infrastructure in South Sudan. Investments have not been made, over half of the population has no access to clean drinking water, and even fewer people have access to adequate sanitation. The latest conflict (since July 2016) has further exacerbated the situation for the population, especially for more than 2 million internally displaced persons and their host communities.
The water supply and sanitation sector lacks the institutional framework for sustainable development. There is a serious shortage of qualified personnel and know-how at all levels, from the water utilities to the responsible administrative bodies and ministries. Most of the population has to resort to using untreated water from rivers, wells and springs.

South Sudan. Thanks to public latrines, the population in Yei and Juba has access to sanitation. © GIZ

Objective

Conflict-affected internally displaced persons and the populations in host communities have better access to drinking water, sanitation and hygiene measures.

South Sudan. Mobile water kiosks also reach areas not connected to water mains. © GIZ

Approach

GIZ helps maintain the operation of drinking water and sanitation facilities in the cities of Torit, Yambio and Yei. The project adopts a pro-poor approach and aims to secure affordable water and sanitation for the population.

To this end, the project follows up on previous phases. It has, for example, advised the Ministry of Water and Irrigation on drafting legislation that creates a comprehensive legal framework for the institutional reform of the water sector, and on investment planning. It has also supported partner institutions in framing initial regulatory instruments. The project has assisted in establishing public water utilities, paving the way for investments by KfW Development Bank in the water supply and sanitation infrastructure. This was carried out under a consultancy contract with the GFA Consulting Group and in close cooperation with the local authorities. Until December 2014, the Agence Française de Développement (AFD) supported additional activities as part of a cofinancing arrangement.

In response to developments since July 2016 and recurrent cholera epidemics, measures have been stepped up and extended to maintain the drinking water supply in particular. The project continues to provide water utilities with financial support and technical assistance for operation of the water supply and sanitation infrastructure. This assures the basic supply to the majority of the population through the sale of clean water by water kiosks at affordable prices.

Major foundations have therefore been laid for improved hygiene and sanitation in households and schools to reduce the incidence of water-borne diseases. Even hygienically safe water from water kiosks is frequently contaminated during transport or storage in households. Trained women, called safe water champions, spread know-how and provide instruction on the proper handling of water and on sanitation and hygiene practices. With support from the non-governmental organisation AMREF, 280 women are currently being selected and trained as multipliers. Health care centres are also being assisted in monitoring diarrhoea and cholera.
GIZ designs schemes for improved hygiene and sanitation at selected schools in the project cities. Building measures are then planned in the schools, e.g. the repair or construction of toilets, primarily composting latrines, and hand-washing stations. Where possible, school gardens are created where the compost produced can be put to use. These gardens can also be used for learning purposes, contributing to school meals or financing the purchase of soap through the sale of produce. Simple preventive measures are also integrated into everyday school life, group hand-washing with soap and regular cleaning of sanitary facilities, for example.

Results

At least 50,000 people have benefited from access to safe drinking water. Three water utilities have been established and personnel trained in the operation and maintenance of facilities. Preparations have been made for investments by KfW Development Bank in the three cities. The operator model introduced by GIZ has been recognised by the Ministry of Water and Irrigation as a model for reform.
The urban population has been made aware of the importance of hygiene and how to handle drinking water. Since 2013, hygiene measures have reached 15,000 schoolchildren and teachers and more than 6,600 households, and about 4,000 people now have access to improved sanitation in Juba and Yei.
National water legislation has been awaiting ratification since 2013. A strategy for the urban water supply and sanitation and an investment plan for the sector were also published in 2013. Major steps have therefore been taken towards institutional reform in the water sector.