Support to solid waste management in refugee hosting communities

Project description

Title: Support to solid waste management in refugee hosting communities (ADHOC)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Jordan
Lead executing agency: Jordanian Ministry of Environment (MoEnv); Jordanian Ministry of Municipal Affairs (MoMA)
Overall term: 2014 to 2017

Jordan. A landfill in Irbid. © GIZ


Roughly 80 per cent of the 650,000 Syrian refugees registered in Jordan live in towns, cities and communities outside the refugee camps. Communities in northern Jordan are especially affected by the massive flood of refugees. For instance, the number of people living in Mafraq has more than doubled since 2011, leading to bottlenecks in the provision of services and infrastructure. Waste management, water and electricity supply, health care, schools and accommodation are all affected. Rents are on the rise, and wages are falling in the informal sector. Perceived or real uncertainty is also putting a strain on the relationship between Jordanians and refugees. Both the rising amounts of waste and the preservation of waste management systems and public hygiene pose a major difficulty for refugee hosting communities, especially those outside the capital.

To improve this situation, a few donor initiatives have already provided waste collection vehicles. However, most communities are barely in a position to organise the maintenance, servicing, repair and efficient and effective use of the vehicle fleet.


The management of waste is improved in selected communities.
Jordan. Explaining how to use an electronic fault reader. © GIZ


The project works on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) to foster improvements to the management of waste in the governorates of Irbid, Mafraq and Karak. It supports municipal depots as they work to resolve the most pressing problems and ensures that the vehicle fleet is ready to use. By improving the local waste situation, the project also contributes towards greater acceptance of refugees by the local population.

The project is setting up a mobile repair service with fully equipped workshop services. Technicians undergo on-the-job training. In addition, the project aims to foster better management and upgrade the basic equipment at depots. It also helps launch more profitable maintenance and repair models in partnership with private workshops and training institutes.

Training strengthens the skills of staff working for municipal waste directorates. The goal is to improve route planning for the vehicle fleet and optimise the location and design of collection points. The project advises municipal partners on operations management and monitoring. Moreover, it fosters cooperation and dialogue between depots and local governments and community councils. The project thus improves the ability of local governments to provide information to citizens. ARGE INFA-SKF has been commissioned to provide advice and training at community workshops.

The EU is also providing cofinancing to support activities to improve landfilling in the form of clean-up work and training for staff. Further funding has been made available from EU budgets to supply equipment and materials for waste disposal and to build a recycling and transfer station for more efficient reloading of municipal solid waste en route to the landfill in Mafraq. Training measures are being expanded to include community councils and local governments in order to guarantee better planning of waste management in the future.

Clean-up measures are planned for up to two landfills as part of the next stage. By reconditioning landfills and adjusting processes, the project aims to guarantee compliance with safety standards and environmental regulations. Staff responsible for operating the landfill will undergo training on technical issues related to waste treatment and landfilling.

All measures are coordinated with other donors’ support services in the affected communities.

Jordan.  © GIZ